Sociologi. Service. Företagsorganisation och företagsledning. Administration. Transport Administration

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 322 (Post)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 4 jul 2022
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This document establishes a common methodology for the calculation and declaration of direct and indirect Greenhouse gas (GHG) as well as air pollutant emissions related to any parcel delivery service.
It only covers a part of the entire retail value chain usually consisting of creating the product, storing the inventory, distributing the goods and making the product available for consumers.
This document includes only the distribution of goods, but considers the entire value chain of the parcel transportation process flow, namely the collection and delivery rounds, the direct injection, the trunking and the operations due to processing and the physical handling of parcels. See Figure 1 below for a graphical illustration.

 

This document covers emissions associated with the up- and downstream transportation related activities as well as the operational activities for a parcel to be delivered. In more detail, it includes:
— the use of vehicles (for all transportation modes) during the delivery phase in terms of core trunking as well as first and last mile related transportation;
— all related direct and indirect emissions from the use of and processes in logistics sites, namely offices, sites and buildings where the virtual processing (data computing services), the administrative management and the physical handling operations of parcels are carried out;
— other operational activities needed to fulfil the parcel delivery service, e.g. required packaging materials (everything additional to the underlying parcel inherent packaging) provided by the parcel logistics service providers including e-commerce entity; and
— waste management from the sites of the parcel logistics service providers.
When quantifying GHG emissions, account is also taken of the GHG emissions associated with upstream energy processes for fuels and electricity used by vehicles and related operation infrastructure (including for example production and distribution of fuels). This ensures the standard covers and produces values for both direct and indirect emissions (including well-to-tank emissions). In addition, empty mileage can be considered too. As a result, calculation results allow the consistent comparison of possible different energy sources by parcel service providers, users, and other interested parties.

This document also covers the air pollutants carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matters 2.5 and 10, and sulfur oxides associated with the use of vehicles for all transportation modes for exhaust and non-exhaust emissions and all related direct and indirect emissions from the use of and processes in logistics sites, namely offices, sites and buildings.
It specifies general principles, definitions, system boundaries, calculation methods, parcel allocation rules and data requirements, with the objective to promote standardized, accurate, credible and verifiable declarations, regarding emissions quantified. It also includes examples on the application of the principles.
Potential users of this document are any person or organisation who needs to refer to a standardised methodology when communicating the results of the quantification of emissions related to a parcel delivery service, especially parcel logistics service providers and parcel service users (e.g. consignors and consignees).
This document presents the below elements:
— step by step guidance for quantifying emissions of parcel logistics services;
— calculation methodology for GHG emissions;
— calculation methodology for air pollutants (carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matters (PM) 2.5 and 10, and sulfur oxides (SOx));
— allocation rules per item (parcel); and
— reporting frameworks and data to be shared with business customers or consignees.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Intelligenta transportsystem)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 4 jul 2022
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This document defines requirements for short-range communication for the purposes of compliance checking in autonomous electronic fee collecting systems. Compliance checking communication (CCC) takes place between a road vehicle's on-board equipment (OBE) and an interrogator (roadside mounted equipment, mobile device or hand-held unit), and serves to establish whether the data that are delivered by the OBE correctly reflect the road usage of the corresponding vehicle according to the rules
of the pertinent toll regime.
The operator of the compliance checking interrogator is assumed to be part of the toll charging role as defined in ISO 17573-1. The CCC permits identification of the OBE, vehicle and contract, and verification
of whether the driver has fulfilled his obligations and the checking status and performance of the OBE.
The CCC reads, but does not write, OBE data.
This document is applicable to OBE in an autonomous mode of operation; it is not applicable to compliance checking in dedicated short-range communication (DSRC)-based charging systems.
It defines data syntax and semantics, but not a communication sequence. All the attributes defined herein are required in any OBE claimed to be compliant with this document, even if some values are set to “not defined” in cases where certain functionality is not present in an OBE. The interrogator is free to choose which attributes are read in the data retrieval phase, as well as the sequence in which they are read. In order to achieve compatibility with existing systems, the communication makes use of the attributes defined in ISO 14906 and the ISO 17573 series (all parts) wherever useful.
The CCC is suitable for a range of short-range communication media. Specific definitions are given for the CEN-DSRC as specified in EN 15509, as well as for the use of ISO CALM IR, the Italian DSRC as specified in ETSI ES 200 674-1, ARIB DSRC and WAVE DSRC as alternatives to the CEN-DSRC. The attributes and functions defined are for compliance checking by means of the DSRC communication services provided by DSRC application layer, with the CCC attributes and functions made available to
the CCC applications at the roadside equipment (RSE) and OBE. The attributes and functions are defined on the level of application data units (ADUs).
The definition of the CCC includes:
— the application interface between OBE and RSE (as depicted in Figure 2);
— use of the generic DSRC application layer as specified in ISO 15628 and EN 12834;
— CCC data type specifications given in Annex A;
— a protocol implementation conformance statement (PICS) proforma is given in Annex B;
— use of the CEN-DSRC stack as specified in EN 15509, or other equivalent DSRC stacks as described
in Annex C, Annex D, Annex E and Annex F;

— security services for mutual authentication of the communication partners and for signing of data
(see Annex H);
— an example CCC transaction is presented in Annex G;
— the informative Annex I highlights how to use this document for the European electronic toll
service (EETS).
Test specifications are not within the scope of this document.
NOTE A test suite for checking an OBE or RSE implementation for compliance with this document is defined in
the corresponding edition of ISO 13143-1 and ISO 13143-2.

 

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 278 (Robotik)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 5 jul 2022
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This document specifies the requirements of safety management systems for application services provided by service robots (application service safety management system (hereafter AsSMS)) that an application service provider can use for the safety of its users and its third parties when it provides application service in unstructured human spaces with trained and untrained persons. (e.g., giving directions for visitors in airport or shopping mall, carrying goods to patients in hospital, delivering food to customers in restaurant.)
This document is applicable to any organization that wishes to
a) improve safety performance of application services provided by service robots,
b) establish, implement, maintain and improve safety management systems for application services provided by service robots,
c) assure itself of conformity with its stated application service safety policy, and
d) demonstrate conformity with this document.
The requirements of this document can be conformed to by integrating safety management systems for application services provided by service robots into, or making it compatible with, other management system or processes within the organization.
The requirements of this document can be conformed to by multiple organizations without omission depending on what shall be done as an organization and a safety management.
Although intended for application services provided by service robots, this standard can also be applied for services using robots other than service robots.
This document is not intended to be used as a product safety standard.
NOTE The safety management systems for application services provided by service robots established in accordance with the requirements of this document may not apply directly when service robots to be used, robot systems, contents of service, places of operation, users or so differ.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Intelligenta transportsystem)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 11 jul 2022
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Speed limits are usually indicated to the driver through roadside signs. Drivers who are aware of the speed limit at all times are more likely to drive safely, which improves road safety. Most speed limit signs are static and remain for years and are thus available through navigation system map databases. However, there is an increasing number of variable message signs, temporary signing (e.g. for road works) and also changed speed limits which are not reflected in the map databases yet. Speed limit information is offered in an accurate way so that different lanes and different vehicle types can be differentiated.
TPEG Speed Information allows the drivers to be aware of the current allowed (maximum) speed, by delivering timely information about the current position and values of speed limits to the navigation or driver assistance systems. The data is seen as informational and will be encoded in a compact way to minimize bandwidth consumption.
TPEG2-SPI supports direct and indirect speed limits. Direct speed limits are used for signs showing a maximum speed a vehicle is allowed to travel. Such speed limit signs can be static or dynamic. Indirect speed limits are referring to the speed of other road users. Mostly the vehicle in front of the own vehicle is used as a reference.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Intelligenta transportsystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 11 jul 2022
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Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Intelligenta transportsystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 11 jul 2022
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This document defines the key actors in the eCall chain of service provision as:
1) In-Vehicle System (IVS)/vehicle,
2) Mobile network Operator (MNO),
3) Public safety assistance point [provider](PSAP),
and in some circumstances can also involve:
4) Third Party Service Provider (TPSP),
and to provide conformance tests for actor groups 1) - 4).
NOTE Conformance tests are not appropriate nor required for vehicle occupants, although they are the recipient of the service.
This document covers conformance testing (and approval) of new engineering developments, products and systems, and does not imply testing associated with individual installations in vehicles or locations.

Ämnesområden: Postala tjänster
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 322 (Post)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 12 jul 2022
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Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 477 (Skeppsteknik och Marin Teknologi)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 25 jul 2022
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This document provides a powerful decision-making tool for persons that either have clear professional development goals or have uncertainties related to the progression of their career paths, including minimum education and training requirements for many of the maritime-related occupations so that candidates can take the necessary steps to meet their goals. This document seeks to assist professionals in (or those who would like to enter) the maritime sector, on board or ashore, in determining what they would like to achieve professionally, establishing how to get there through this proactive tool, taking into consideration:
— personal circumstances and academic background,
— previous work experience, knowledge and skills,
— short, medium and long-term ambitions,
— changing education and training requirements resulting from continual industry evolution,
— current and future job opportunities,
— impact of technology, and
— shifting personal interests, attitudes, abilities, and goals.
This document helps identify many of the potential jobs within the maritime industry, on board and ashore, in order to provide alternative career paths.

Ämnesområden: Personaladministration
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 562 (Human Resource Management)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 17 aug 2022
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This document provides guidance on how to source, attract, assess, and employ people with the goal of meeting the organizational needs while fostering a positive candidate experience. It focuses on key processes and practices, including:
— preparing and planning;
— managing the different phases and stakeholders;
— reviewing and learning.
This document can be used by any organization regardless of type or size.
NOTE This document can be used by anyone managing or performing the recruitment function, whether this is a dedicated role within the organization or an additional task for someone with another role as well as those who evaluate, teach or consult in recruitment.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Intelligenta transportsystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 31 aug 2022
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This document defines an additional data concept that can be transferred as the ‘optional additional data’ part of an eCall MSD, as defined in EN 15722, that can be transferred from a vehicle to a PSAP in the event of a crash or emergency via an eCall communication session.
The purpose of this document is to provide means to notify the PSAP of any limitations to the sending equipment that are endorsed by other standards, but not (immediately) apparent to the receiver. Lack of knowledge about these limitations can hamper the emergency process. This document describes an additional data concept which facilitates the inclusion of information about such limitations in a consistent and usable matter.
This document can be seen as an addendum to EN 15722; it contains as little redundancy as possible.
NOTE 1 The communications media protocols and methods for the transmission of the eCall message are not specified in this document.
NOTE 2 Additional data concepts can also be transferred, and it is advised to register any such data concepts using a data registry as defined in EN ISO 24978 [1]. See www.esafetydata.com for an example.

Ämnesområden: Personaladministration
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 562 (Human Resource Management)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 5 sep 2022
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This standard describes a framework of processes, practices, and management activities for allocating work to workers. Its high-level principles and processes are applicable to all allocation methods and workforce types. It can be used in all types of organizations and industry sectors, and from small teams to large complex organizations. It is indifferent to the workforce sourcing method, whether the workforce is made up of internal employees or externally sourced workers.
This standard also addresses the relationship between allocation decisions and stakeholders, including operations, finance, human resource functions and, most importantly, the worker.
This document explains how to create an allocation framework, design an allocation process, document, communicate, measure and improve the process. It also suggests corrective actions to stop or mitigate undesirable outcomes.
This standard does not address:
1) Absence management/planning or timekeeping
2) Role or skill-based workforce planning (refer to ISO 30409)
3) Labour standards
4) Training or succession planning
5) Recruitment (refer to ISO 30405 and ISO 30419)
6) Compensation or performance reviews
7) Health and safety
8) Work ergonomics (refer to ISO 6385)
9) Methods of organizing specific types of work (e.g. lean manufacturing, agile project management)
10) Automation of tasks using ‘digital workers’ such as physical robots and artificial intelligence bots
Annexes to this document describe details and foundational concepts of allocation applied in various industries as examples to support the theory.