IT- tillämpningar inom vetenskap

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 323 (Geodata)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 30 jun 2024
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Scope of the proposed deliverable This part of ISO 19152 provides the concepts and detailed structure for standardization in the land administration domain. In order to achieve public policy objectives, some regulations use geographical spaces for mandating or enabling particular behaviours or outcomes. International law, constitutional law, public law and private law define different geographical spaces that juxtapose or overlap each other to produce a complex legal reality. Harmonizing and integrating the activities related to management of these legal spaces is the overarching idea of the land administration paradigm. Even if they differ in their objectives and normative sources, objects created by geo-regulation share basic components. This part of ISO 19152 defines a general schema that permits regulatory information to be described in information systems. Essentially, legal actors – individuals, organizations, States – (party) create among themselves sets of obligations (rights, restrictions, responsibilities) with the specificity of having a geographical component (spatial unit). The way the legal spaces related to reality is defined by the survey system (survey and representation). All these elements are recognized through legal instruments and official documents (source). The first edition of this standard, ISO 19152:2012 concentrated on Land Administration, Land Registration and Cadastre. This information is about the relationship between people and land. This is now included in Part 2 with a more refined survey model. This part of the standard provides an abstract, conceptual model with three packages and one sub-package related to • parties (people and organizations); • basic administrative units, rights, responsibilities, and restrictions (ownership rights) -2]; • spatial units (parcels, and the legal space of buildings and utility networks and other geometry) with a sub-package on surveying and spatial representation (geometry and topology).

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 323 (Geodata)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 19 jul 2024
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This part of ISO 19152 provides the concepts and detailed structure for standardization in the land administration domain. In order to achieve public policy objectives, some regulations use geographical spaces for mandating or enabling particular behaviours or outcomes. This part of ISO 19152 defines a general schema for valuation information systems in the context of the land administration. It is designed to represent all stages of administrative property valuation, namely representation of parties involved in valuations, identification of properties, assessment of properties through single or mass appraisal procedures, recording transaction prices, generation and representation of sales statistics, and dealing with appeals. The proposed model in this standard may provide public bodies a common basis for the development of local and/or national information models and databases, enabling the integration of valuation databases with land administration databases, and can act as a guide for the private sector The first edition of LADM standard, ISO 19152:2012 concentrated on Land Administration and value component of land administration was considered in out of scope. This information is now included in Part 4 with a more general perspective. This part of the standard provides an abstract, conceptual model related to • value (valuation, mass valuation); • transaction prices; • sales statistics; • valuation units (parcel, building, condominium unit, valuation unit group)