Maskinsäkerhet - Järnvägar

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 31 aug 2022
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This European Standard specifies the functional requirements for rail vehicle windscreens, including type testing, routine testing and inspection methods.
For on-track machines (OTMs) when in transport mode (self-propelled or hauled) the requirements of this standard are applicable. OTMs in working configuration are outside the scope of this standard.
Determination of the size, shape, orientation and position of windscreens is outside the scope of this document. These data form part of the windscreen technical specification.
This document applies to windscreens made of laminated glass, which is the most commonly used material but also to other materials, subject to the performance requirements being satisfied.
This document does not specify requirements for the interfaces between the windscreen and the vehicle. Accordingly this document does not address issues relating to: structural integrity and crashworthiness.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 15 sep 2022
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This European Standard is applicable to new designs of locomotives and passenger carrying rolling stock (such as tram, metro, suburban, mainline and high-speed trains) taking into consideration the recommendations given in Annex E on the application of the standard (migration rule), and sets out crashworthiness requirements for new passenger rolling stock and locomotives with the exception of the following types:
— on track machines (OTMs);
— infrastructure inspection vehicles;
— vehicles reserved for a strictly historical or touristic use.
This European Standard identifies common methods of providing passive safety that may be adapted to suit individual vehicle requirements.
This European Standard specifies the characteristics of reference obstacle models for use with the design collision scenarios.
This European Standard also specifies the requirements and methods for demonstrating that the passive safety objectives have been achieved by comparison with existing proven designs, numerical simulation, component or full-size tests, or a combination of all these methods.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 15 sep 2022
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The purpose of this European Standard is to define a set of reference masses for specifying the requirements for the design, testing, acceptance, marking, delivery and operation of rail vehicles.
The reference masses defined in this European Standard are as follows:
— dead mass;
— design mass in working order;
— design mass under normal payload;
— design mass under exceptional payload;
— operational mass in working order;
— operational mass under normal payload;
These reference masses are defined with respect to the whole vehicle, but they can also apply to a specific system or component.
The specification of values for tolerances applicable to reference masses is not in the scope of this standard. Tolerances may be required by an application standard.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 15 sep 2022
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This document is applicable to all types of heavy rail freight wagons.
This document specifies the minimum requirements for ergonomic and structural integrity of steps and handrails used together to give staff access. It does not cover ladders, top platforms and top gangways.
It defines in particular the required free spaces necessary for shunter handrails, for shunter’s stand, for steps and handrails.
This document also defines their dimensions, positions, limits for durability and functionality.
It also defines the general requirements for the access to tail lights.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 22 sep 2022
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This document specifies a measurement method and conditions to obtain reproducible and comparable sound reduction indices of all kinds of rail bound vehicles’ gangway systems as defined in EN 16286-1. The setup includes all components of the system mounted like this is done between two adjacent car bodies within the train, so that a person will be able to use the gangway system, consisting of e.g.:
— the bridge system (footplate);
— side panels;
— flexible components (bellows);
— mounting systems;
— elements to couple parts in the case of separable gangway systems.
The method is applicable to type testing of gangways.
This method is not applicable to:
— interior noise measurements in vehicles;
— structure borne noise measurements.
The type testing procedures specified in this document are of engineering grade (grade 2) in the frequency range from 100 Hz up to 5 000 Hz.
NOTE This is the preferred range for noise declaration purposes, as defined in EN ISO 12001. If test conditions are relaxed, the results are no longer of engineering grade (grade 2).