Maskinsäkerhet - Järnvägar

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 23 feb 2023
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The purpose of this document is to provide methods for quantifying the ride comfort of a passenger in a rail vehicle in response to the track sections it is operated over.
The methods aim to quantify the effects of vehicle body motions on ride comfort and to make the assessment of passenger comfort predictable, repeatable, objective and meaningful.
The methods and comfort scales are validated for people of good health.
This document applies to passengers in rail vehicles operating on heavy rail networks.
This document may also be used as a guide for example on urban rail systems, but their operational routes/environments may make it difficult to comply with the requirements of the test methods.
This document applies to measurements of motions. It also applies to simulated motions. Guidance is provided on:
— which method described within the document should be used for different scenarios;
— typical values for different comfort levels;
— the application of simulation.
This document excludes health and safety issues, non-passenger carrying vehicles, vehicle homologation and safety, limit values, motion sickness, discomfort caused by accelerating and braking, design guidelines and measurement technology.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 23 feb 2023
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This document addresses the measurement of source terms for environmental noise calculation for rail traffic (including light rail, such as trams, metros, etc). It is applicable to the measurement of in-service trains on operational tracks.
It is not applicable to type acceptance testing of rolling-stock or tracks, or to derive source terms for time domain models.
The following rail traffic noise source types are in the scope:
• Rolling noise ;
• Traction noise ;
• Aerodynamic noise ;
• Impact noise (e.g. rail joints, switch and crossings, wheel flats) ;
• Braking noise ;
• Bridge noise ;
• Squeal noise.
Noise from rail vehicles at standstill, such as stationary engine idling and auxiliary equipment at yards and stations is covered by EN ISO 3095:2013 for measurement procedures and operating conditions, and by ISO 3740:2019, and ISO 3744:2010 for the determination of sound power.
The calculation of the propagation of sound is part of generally standardized propagation models which are not addressed in this document.
Noise from fixed installations (e.g.: stations, depots, electricity sub-stations) are not in the scope of this document.
Source terms are specific to a vehicle and track type. The scope includes measurement procedures and conditions and sampling requirements.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 23 mar 2023
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This document is applicable to empty-loaded changeover devices. The purpose of such devices is the generation of a load-related signal which causes the brake performance to be adjusted to the current vehicle mass.
The manually operated empty-loaded changeover devices change their output signal according to the position of the handles which together with the associated changeover plates serve as interfaces. The changeover plates read the required information for the operation of the empty-loaded changeover devices, i.e. brake weights for each position and the relevant changeover mass of the vehicle.
Automatic empty-loaded changeover devices sense a certain load threshold of the vehicle to automatically adjust the output signal when the mass of a vehicle reaches a defined value. This threshold is the changeover mass. Below this mass the vehicle’s brake system provides a reduced brake force. For the changeover mass or more the high brake force applies.
This document specifies the requirements for the design, testing and quality assurance of empty-loaded changeover devices.