Miljö- och hälsoskydd. Säkerhet

Ämnesområden: Maskinsäkerhet
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 282 (Maskinsäkerhet)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 13 dec 2018
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This document specifies limits for physical contacts between the machine or parts of the machine and humans that are caused by movement of the machine as part of its intended use or foreseeable misuse.

This document covers all types of machines that are designed to function where people are allowed to be present and the machine is allowed to make physical contact with those people.

This document includes machines that contact people as part of their function and machines that do not require human contact. It encompasses interactions that are intentional or unintentional.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 424 (Kemiska vattenundersökningar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 17 dec 2018
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This document gives criteria for mass spectrometric identification of target compounds in water samples and may be applied to environmental samples in general. This document shall be used in conjunction with a standard developed for the determination of the specific compounds, for example, ISO 17943[3] for volatile organic substances or ISO 16693[1] for determination of organochlorine pesticide (OCP). If the standard method for analysing specific compounds includes criteria for identification, those criteria shall be followed.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 424 (Kemiska vattenundersökningar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 17 dec 2018
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This document specifies the critical points to consider while developing an in-house mass spectrometry-based method for quantitative analysis of multi-group organic substances in the scope of physical-chemical analysis of water.

ISO/TS 13530 provides guidance on the initial characterization of the measurement performances. This document supplements ISO/TS 13530 by providing details on the following points:

— selection of the characterization-test matrix;

— internal standards and internal standard recoveries;

— analyte recovery;

— checking that performance levels do not degrade over time.

Chromatographic separation and identification of analytes are described in ISO/DIS 21253-1.

The estimation of measurement uncertainties is integral to the characterization of any quantitative method of analysis, but the process is not described here, as ISO 11352 applies. Similarly, the calibration protocols are not described here but set out in the ISO 8466- series of standards.

This document is not intended as a substitute for the currently applicable analytical standards dedicated to organic compounds but as a resource bringing additional characterization elements.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 225 (Anläggningsmaskiner)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 17 dec 2018
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1.1 This International Standard specifies, in accordance with ISO 10326-1, a laboratory method for measuring and evaluating the effectiveness of the seat suspension in reducing the vertical whole-body vibration transmitted to the operator of earth-moving machines at frequencies between 1 Hz and 20 Hz. It also specifies acceptance criteria for application to seats on different machines.

1.2 This International Standard is applicable to operator seats used on earth-moving machines as defined in ISO 6165.

1.3 This International Standard defines the input spectral classes required for the following earth-moving machines. Each class defines a group of machines having similar vibration characteristics:

— rigid frame dumpers > 4 500 kg operating mass1);

— articulated frame dumpers;

— scrapers without axle or frame suspension2);

— wheel-loaders > 4 500 kg operating mass1);

— graders;

— wheel-dozers;

— soil compactors (wheel type);

— backhoe-loaders;

— crawler loaders;

— crawler-dozers ≤ 50 000 kg operating mass1, 3)

— compact dumpers ≤ 4 500 kg operating mass1;

— compact loaders ≤ 4 500 kg operating mass1);

— skid-steer loader ≤ 4 500 kg operating mass1).

1.4 The following machines impart sufficiently low vertical vibration inputs at frequencies between 1 Hz and 20 Hz to the seat during operation that these seats do not require suspension for the attenuation of transmitted vibration:

— excavators, including walking excavators and cable excavators4);

1) See ISO 6016

2) For tractor scrapers with suspension, either a seat with no suspension may be used, or one having a suspension with high damping

3) For crawler dozers greater than 50 000 kg, the seat performance requirements are suitably provided by a cushion type seat

4) For excavators, the predominant vibration is generally in the fore and aft (X) axis

— trenchers;

— landfill compactors;

— non-vibratory rollers;

— milling machines;

— pipelayers;

— finishers;

— vibratory rollers;

— horizontal directional drills (HDD).

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 535 (Karaktärisering av avfall, mark och slam)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 18 dec 2018
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This document provides guidance on developing and using conceptual site models through the various phases of investigation, remediation (if required), and any subsequent construction or engineering works.

It describes what conceptual site models are, what they are used for and what their constituents are. It stresses the need for an iterative and dynamic approach to conceptual site model development.

This document is intended to be used by all those involved in developing conceptual site models and by those who rely on using them such as regulators, landowners, developers, and the public (and other relevant parties). Ideally, this includes representatives from all phases of the investigative and remedial processes, for example, preliminary assessment, detailed investigation, baseline human health and ecological risk assessments, and feasibility study, and, any subsequent construction or engineering work.

NOTE 1 This document is applicable whenever the presence of "potentially harmful" or "hazardous" substances are present irrespective of whether they are naturally occurring or present due to human activity (i.e. are contaminants").

NOTE 2 Although most of the principles described for developing conceptual site models in this document can apply to other domains such as groundwater resources management, the present document is specifically written for the management of potentially contaminated sites.

Ämnesområden: Avloppsvatten
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 198 (Vatten- och avloppssystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 20 dec 2018
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This document specifies characteristics and related requirements, assessment methods, the marking and assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) procedures for packaged and/or site assembled septic tank used for populations up to 50 inhabitants.

Packaged and/or site assembled septic tanks in accordance with this document are:

• used for the primary treatment of domestic wastewater including that of guest houses and businesses;

• made of concrete, steel, Unplasticized Polyvinylchloride (PVC-U), Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), Glass Reinforced Polyester (GRP-UP) and/or Polydicyclopentadiene (PDCPD);

• with or without elastomeric seals for joints made of vulcanized rubber;

• used buried in the ground;

• with or without extension shaft;

• with a nominally capacity of at least 2 m²;

• made of prefabricated components that are factory or site-assembled by one manufacturer and which are tested as a whole.

This document does not cover packaged and/or site assembled septic tank:

• where vehicle loads apply to it;

• receiving grey water only.

Ämnesområden: Avloppsvatten
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 198 (Vatten- och avloppssystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 20 dec 2018
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This document specifies characteristics and related requirements, assessment methods, the marking and assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) procedures for packaged and/or site assembled domestic wastewater treatment plants used for populations up to 50 inhabitants.

Packaged and/or site assembled domestic wastewater treatment plants in accordance with this document are:

• used for the treatment of domestic wastewater including that of guest houses and businesses.

• made of concrete, steel, Unplasticized Polyvinylchloride (PVC-U), Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), Glass Reinforced Polyester (GRP-UP), Polydicyclopentadiene (PDCPD), PVC and/or EPDM;

• used buried in the ground;

• with or without extension shaft;

• made of prefabricated components that are factory or site-assembled by one manufacturer and which are tested as a whole.

This document does not cover packaged and/or site assembled domestic wastewater treatment plants where vehicle loads apply to it.

The assessment methods specified in this document establish the performance of the packaged and/or site assembled domestic wastewater treatment plant, needed to verify its suitability for the condition in which it is normally installed.

Ämnesområden: Avloppsvatten
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 198 (Vatten- och avloppssystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 20 dec 2018
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This document specifies characteristics and related requirements, assessment methods, the marking and assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) procedures for prefabricated secondary treatment units for populations up to 50 inhabitants.

Prefabricated secondary treatment units in accordance with this document are:

• used for the treatment of effluent from product in accordance with EN 12566-1;

Equivalent septic effluent may come from existing septic tanks.

• made of concrete, steel, Unplasticized Polyvinylchloride (PVC-U), Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), Glass Reinforced Polyester (GRP-UP), Polydicyclopentadiene (PDCPD), PVC and/or EPDM;

• used buried in the ground;

• with or without extension shaft;

• made of prefabricated components that are factory or site-assembled by one manufacturer and which are tested as a whole.

This document does not cover prefabricated secondary treatment units:

• where vehicle loads apply to it;

• with direct infiltration into the ground (non-watertight);

• made of retrofit kits (see definition in 3.1.5).

The assessment methods specified in this European Standard establish the performance of the prefabricated secondary treatment unit, needed to verify its suitability for the condition in which it is normally installed.

Ämnesområden: Avloppsvatten
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 198 (Vatten- och avloppssystem)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 20 dec 2018
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This document specifies characteristics and related requirements, assessment methods, the marking and assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) procedures for prefabricated tertiary treatment units used for populations up to 50 inhabitants.

Prefabricated tertiary treatment units in accordance with this document are:

• used for the tertiary treatment of domestic wastewater coming from:

a) products in accordance with EN 12566-3 or EN 12566-6 or;

b) installation designed and constructed in accordance with CEN/TR 12566-5.

Equivalent secondary treated effluent may come from existing systems.

• made of concrete, steel, Unplasticized Polyvinylchloride (PVC-U), Polyethylene (PE), Polypropylene (PP), Glass Reinforced Polyester (GRP-UP), Polydicyclopentadiene (PDCPD), PVC and/or EPDM.

• used buried in the ground;

• with or without extension shaft;

• made of prefabricated components that are factory or site-assembled by one manufacturer and which are tested as a whole.

This document does not cover prefabricated tertiary treatment units:

• where vehicle loads apply to it;

• with direct infiltration into the ground (non-watertight);

• made of retrofit kits (see definition in 3.1.9);

• forming part of products covered by EN 12566-3 and EN 12566-6;

• for microorganism reduction.

The assessment methods specified in this document establish the performance of the prefabricated tertiary treatment unit, needed to verify its suitability for the condition in which it is normally installed.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 252 (Utrustning för avfallshantering)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 8 jan 2019
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This document specifies general requirements and verifications for methods of identification of waste containers and/or determination of the quantity of waste including:

— safety requirements;

— interface requirements and performances;

— data to be treated and their integrity.

This document is applicable to systems for handling containers conforming to the EN 840 series.

Although this European standard does not cover systems for handling containers not conforming to the EN 840 series, it is recommended to apply the requirements of this document to these systems as far as possible.

This European standard is applicable to systems both for billing and not for billing.

Ämnesområden: Strålningsskydd
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 405 (Kärnenergi)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 8 jan 2019
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This International Standard is applicable to medical electron linear accelerators i.e. linear accelerators

with nominal energies of the beam ranging from 4 MV to 30 MV, including particular installations

such as robotic arm, helical intensity modulated radiotherapy devices and dedicated devices for intra

operative radiotherapy (IORT) with electrons.

The cyclotrons and the synchrotrons used for hadrontherapy are not considered.

The radiation protection requirements and recommendations given in this International Standard

cover the aspects relating to regulations, shielding design goals and other design criteria, role of

the manufacturers, of the radiation protection officer or qualified expert and interactions between

stakeholders, radiations around a linear accelerator, shielding for conventional and special devices

(including shielding materials and transmission values, calculations for various treatment room

configurations, duct impact on radiation protection) and the radiological monitoring (measurements).

NOTE 1 Annex A provides transmission values for the most common shielding materials.

NOTE 2 Annex B provides supporting data for shielding calculation.

NOTE 3 Annex C provides an example of calculation for conventional device and standard maze.

Ämnesområden: Strålningsskydd
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 405 (Kärnenergi)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 8 jan 2019
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The scope of this document covers

— iodine sorbents for nuclear power plants, nuclear facilities, research and other nuclear reactors,

— iodine sorbents for laboratories, including nuclear medicine, and

— iodine sorbents for sampling equipment on sample lines.

This document applies to iodine sorbents manufacturers and operators in order to measure the actual

performance of these sorbents and their sorption capacity for radioiodine.

This document applies to granulated and crushed iodine sorbents based on activated charcoal

(hereinafter referred to as “sorbents”) used for trapping gaseous radioiodine and its compounds. This

document establishes the method and conditions for defining sorption capacity index in a laboratory.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 405 (Kärnenergi)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 8 jan 2019
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This part of ISO 11665 describes radon-222 test methods for soil gas using passive and active in-situ

sampling at depth comprised between surface and 2 m.

This part of ISO 11665 gives general requirements for the sampling techniques, either passive or active

and grab or continuous, for in-situ radon-222 activity concentrations measurement in soil gas.

The radon-222 activity concentration in the soil can be measured by spot or continuous measurement

methods (see ISO 11665-1). In case of spot measurement methods (ISO 11665-6), the soil gas sampling

is active only. On the other hand, the continuous methods (ISO 11665-5) are typically associated with

passive soil gas sampling.

The measurement methods are applicable to all types of soil and are determined according to the end

use of the measurement results (phenomenological observation, definition or verification of mitigation

techniques, etc.) taking into account the expected level of the radon-222 activity concentration.

These measurement methods are applicable to soil gas samples with radon activity concentrations

greater than 100 Bq/m3.

NOTE This part of ISO 11665 is complementary with ISO 11665-7 for characterization of the radon soil

potential.

Ämnesområden: Strålningsskydd
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 405 (Kärnenergi)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 8 jan 2019
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This International Standard specifies the minimum requirements for the design of professional programmes to monitor workers exposed to the risk of internal contamination via inhalation by the use of radionuclides as unsealed sources in nuclear medicine imaging and therapy departments. It establishes principles for the development of compatible goals and requirements for monitoring programmes and, when adequate, dose assessment. It presents procedures and assumptions for the risk analysis, for the monitoring programmes, and for the standardized interpretation of monitoring data.

This International Standard addresses the following items:

a) purposes of monitoring and monitoring programmes;

b) description of the different categories of monitoring programmes;

c) quantitative criteria for conducting monitoring programmes;

d) suitable methods for monitoring and criteria for their selection;

e) information that has to be collected for the design of a monitoring programme;

f) general requirements for monitoring programmes (e.g. detection limits, tolerated uncertainties);

g) frequencies of measurements;

h) procedures for dose assessment based on reference levels for routine and special monitoring

programmes;

i) assumptions for the selection of dose-critical parameter values;

j) criteria for determining the significance of individual monitoring results;

k) interpretation of workplace monitoring results;

l) uncertainties arising from dose assessments and interpretation of bioassays data;

m) reporting/documentation;

n) quality assurance.

This International Standard does not address the following:

— monitoring and internal dosimetry for the workers exposed to laboratory use of radionuclides such as radioimmunoassay techniques;

— monitoring and internal dosimetry for the workers involved in the operation, maintenance, and servicing of PET cyclotrons;

— detailed descriptions of measuring methods and techniques;

— dosimetry for litigation cases;

— modelling for the improvement of internal dosimetry;

— the potential influence of medical treatment of the internal contamination;

— the investigation of the causes or implications of an exposure;

— dosimetry for ingestion exposures and for contaminated wounds.

Ämnesområden: Strålningsskydd
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 405 (Kärnenergi)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 8 jan 2019
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This document provides guidelines and performance criteria for sampling airborne radioactive substances in the workplace. Emphasis is on health protection of workers in the indoor environment.

This document provides best practices and performance-based criteria for the use of air sampling devices and systems, including retrospective samplers and continuous air monitors. Specifically, this document covers air sampling program objectives, design of air sampling and monitoring programs to meet program objectives, methods for air sampling and monitoring in the workplace, and quality assurance to ensure system performance toward protecting workers against unnecessary inhalation exposures.

The primary purpose of the surveillance of airborne activity concentrations in the workplace is to evaluate and mitigate inhalation hazards to workers in facilities where these can become airborne. A comprehensive surveillance program can be used to

— determine the effectiveness of administrative and engineering controls for confinement,

— measure activity concentrations of radioactive substances,

— alert workers to high activity concentrations in the air,

— aid in estimating worker intakes when bioassay methods are unavailable,

— determine signage or posting requirements for radiation protection, and

— determine appropriate protective equipment and measures.

Air sampling techniques consist of two general approaches. The first approach is retrospective sampling, in which the air is sampled, the collection medium is removed and taken to a radiation detector system and analysed for radioactive substance, and the concentration results made available at a later time. In this context, the measured air concentrations are evaluated retrospectively. The second approach is continuous real-time air monitoring so that workers can be warned that a significant release of airborne radioactivity may have just occurred. In implementing an effective air sampling program, it is important to achieve a balance between the two general approaches. The specific balance depends on hazard level of the work and the characteristics of each facility.

A special component of the second approach which can apply, if properly implemented, is the preparation of continuous air monitoring instrumentation and protocols. This enables radiation protection monitoring of personnel that have been trained and fitted with personal protective equipment (PPE) that permit pre-planned, defined, extended stay time in elevated concentrations of airborne radioactive substances. Such approaches can occur either as part of a planned re-entry of a contaminated area following an accidental loss of containment for accident assessment and recovery, or part of a project which involves systematic or routine access to radioactive substances (e.g. preparing process material containing easily aerosolized components), or handling objects such as poorly characterized waste materials that may contain radioactive contaminants that could be aerosolized when handled during repackaging. In this special case, the role of continuous air monitoring is to provide an alert to health physics personnel that the air concentrations of concern have exceeded a threshold such that the planned level of protection afforded by PPE has been or could be exceeded. This level would typically be many 10’s or 100’s of times higher than the derived air concentration (DAC) established for unprotected workers. The monitoring alarm or alert would therefore be designed not to be confused with the normal monitoring alarm, and the action taken in response would be similarly targeted at the specific site and personnel involved.

The air sampling strategy should be designed to minimize internal exposures and balanced with social, technical, economic, practical, and public policy considerations that are associated with the use of the radioactive substance.

A comprehensive air sampling strategy should also consider that the air sampling program is only one element of a broader radiation protection program. Therefore, individuals involved with the air sampling program should interact with personnel working in other elements of the radiation protection program, such as contamination control and internal dosimetry.

This document does not address outdoor air sampling, effluent monitoring, or radon measurements.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 535 (Karaktärisering av avfall, mark och slam)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 15 jan 2019
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This document specifies a method for quantitative determination of seven selected polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB28, PCB52, PCB101, PCB118, PCB138, PCB153 and PCB180) in soil, sludge, sediment, treated biowaste,and waste using GC-MS and GC-ECD (see Table 2).

The limit of detection depends on the determinants, the equipment used, the quality of chemicals used for the extraction of the sample and the clean-up of the extract.

Under the conditions specified in this European Standard, lower limit of application from 1 μg/kg (expressed as dry matter) for soils, sludge and biowaste to 10 μg/kg (expressed as dry matter) for solid waste can be achieved. For some specific samples the limit of 10 μg/kg cannot be reached.

Sludge, waste and treated biowaste may differ in properties, as well as in the expected contamination levels of PCB and presence of interfering substances. These differences make it impossible to describe one general procedure. This European Standard contains decision tables based on the properties of the sample and the extraction and clean-up procedure to be used.

NOTE For the analysis of PCB in insulating liquids, petroleum products, used oils and aqueous samples is referred to EN 61619, EN 12766–1 and EN ISO 6468 respectively.

The method can be applied to the analysis of other PCB congeners not specified in the scope, provided suitability is proven by proper in-house validation experiments.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 424 (Kemiska vattenundersökningar)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 20 jan 2019
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This document specifies a method for the determination of selected polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in non-filtrated waters, for example drinking water, natural water (fresh water and sea water) and waste water containing less than 2 g/l solid particulate material (SPM) using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The compounds monitored by this method are typically the linear isomers. Other isomers may be reported separately as non-linear isomers and qualified as such. The group of compounds determined by this method are representative of a wide variety of polyfluorinated compounds. The analytes specified in Table 1 can be determined by this method. The list can be modified depending on the purpose for which the method is intended. The lower application range of this method can vary depending on the sensitivity of the equipment used and the matrix of the sample. For most compounds to which this document applies ≥ 0,2 ng/l as limit of quantification. Actual levels may depend on the blank levels achieved by individual laboratory.

The applicability of the method to further substances, not listed in Table 1, or to further types of water is not excluded, but needs to be validated separately for each individual case.

The user should be aware that each analyte has its own specific optimum conditions and therefore modification of the analyte list could require the specification of additional conditions for each additional parameter.

NOTE 1 Polyfluoroalkyl substances will be used in this document to describe the analytes monitored. Many of the compounds in Table 1 are perfluorinated and are also considered polyfluoralkyl substances

NOTE 2 In this document linear PFAS isomers are specified. The non-linear isomers may be present in environmental samples, especially for PFOS. Analysis of individual non-linear isomer of PFAS is described in Annex E.

Ämnesområden: Brandskydd
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 360 (Brand och räddning)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 31 jan 2019
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This document specifies fire testing requirements for water mist systems used for fire protection of machinery in enclosures with volumes exceeding 260 m3.

Ämnesområden: Brandskydd
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 360 (Brand och räddning)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 31 jan 2019
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This document specifies fire testing requirements for water mist systems used for fire protection of machinery in enclosures with volumes not exceeding 260 m3.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 405 (Kärnenergi)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 5 feb 2019
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This International Standard applies specifically to the nuclear criticality safety of solid nuclear wastes.

The standard also applies to small quantities of liquids and/or slurries containing fissile nuclides, which are either intimately associated with the solid nuclear waste materials or arise as a result of processing or handling the waste. For example, damp solid waste items.

The Standard does not apply to bulk or process liquids (including higher concentration process solutions) or fuel assemblies (either irradiated or un-irradiated). Fuel rods are also not within the scope of this standard.

All stages of the waste life cycle are within the scope of the Standard. This standard may also be applied to the transport of solid nuclear waste outside the boundaries of nuclear establishments, noting that national and/or international Regulations may take precedence.