Fordonsteknik

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 240 (El- och elektronikutrustning för vägfordon)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 26 feb 2021
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This document defines the different concepts, entities and roles involved in implementing and delivering ExVe web services. In addition, it also gives an overview of the necessary activities that should be executed by the different roles involved and a logical order for those activities.

This document defines the concept of identifiers (direct and correlated), different Resource categories (e.g. anonymous, pseudonymized, technical, and personal Resources) and different approaches on how to bundle shareable Resources (e.g. Resource Group or Container).

Ämnesområden: Elfordon
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 517 (El- och hybridfordon)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 26 feb 2021
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This document specifies electrical safety requirements for voltage class B electric circuits of electric propulsion systems and conductively connected auxiliary electric systems of electrically propelled road vehicles.

It specifies electrical safety requirements for protection of persons against electric shock and thermal incidents.

It does not provide comprehensive safety information for manufacturing, maintenance and repair personnel.

NOTE 1 Electrical safety requirements for post-crash are described in ISO 6469-4.

NOTE 2 Electrical safety requirements for conductive connections of electrically propelled road vehicles to an external electric power supply are described in ISO 17409.

NOTE 3 Specific electrical safety requirements for magnetic field wireless power transfer between an external electric power supply and an electrically propelled vehicle are described in ISO PAS 19363.

NOTE 4 Electrical safety requirements for motorcycles and mopeds are described in ISO 13063.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 110 (Akustik och buller)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 1 mar 2021
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This document specifies the essential characteristics of a test track surface intended to be used for measuring rolling sound emission of vehicles and their tyres.
The surface design given in this document
— produces consistent levels of tyre or road sound emission under a wide range of operating conditions including those appropriate to vehicle sound testing;
— minimizes inter-site variation;
— limits absorption of the vehicle sound sources; and
— is consistent with road-building practice.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Intelligenta transportsystem)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 11 mar 2021
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This international standard specifies performance requirements and test procedures for systems capable of warning the subject vehicle driver of a potential crossing-path collision with other vehicles at intersecting road segments. The Vehicle to Vehicle Intersection Collision Warning Systems (VVICW) rely on vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications and relative positioning between the subject vehicle and crossing-path vehicles (remote vehicles). V2V data such as position, speed and heading are used to evaluate if an intersection collision is imminent between the subject and remote vehicles. The performance requirements specify the warning criteria for these systems. In addition, VVICW operate in specified subject and remote vehicle speed ranges, road intersection geometries and target vehicle types. Moreover, the requirements for the V2V data will be specified. The scope of this international standard includes operations on intersecting road segments (physically intersecting roads), and motor vehicles including cars, trucks, buses, and motorcycles. Responsibility for the safe operation of the vehicle remains with the driver.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 240 (El- och elektronikutrustning för vägfordon)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 23 mar 2021
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This document defines how to access Resources on a Web services interface of an Offering Party using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS). Resources can be accessed through request/reply and/or requested to be pushed.
The Representational State Transfer (REST) architectural pattern is chosen as a common way to format Resource paths both for request/reply and push. Some specific extensions to this pattern are defined to allow for asynchronous Resource requests, such as, for example, forcing readouts of data from a connected vehicle.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 240 (El- och elektronikutrustning för vägfordon)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 23 mar 2021
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This document defines how to authenticate users and Accessing Parties on a web services interface. It also defines how a Resource Owner can delegate Access to its Resources to an Accessing Party. Within this context, this document also defines the necessary roles and required separation of duties between these in order to fulfil requirements stated on security, data privacy and data protection.
All conditions and dependencies of the roles are defined towards a reference implementation using OAuth 2.0 compatible framework and OpenID Connect 1.0 compatible framework.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 240 (El- och elektronikutrustning för vägfordon)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 25 mar 2021
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Ämnesområden: Elektriska utrustningar
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 240 (El- och elektronikutrustning för vägfordon)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 5 apr 2021
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This document provides a general argumentation framework and guidance on measures to ensure the  safety of the intended functionality (SOTIF), i.e. the absence of unreasonable risk due to a hazard caused  by:  

a. the insufficiencies of specification of the intended functionality at the vehicle level, or  

b. the insufficiencies of specification or performance limitations in the implementation of E/E  elements in the system  

NOTE Depending on the application, elements of other technologies can be relevant when evaluating the SOTIF.

These hazards can be triggered by specific conditions of a scenario, including reasonably foreseeable  misuse of the intended functionality or in combination with other functions at the vehicle level (e.g. activation of the parking brake while the automated driving function is active).

NOTE Information provided by the infrastructure (e.g. Car2x communication, maps) is also part of the evaluation  of functional insufficiencies if it can have an impact on the SOTIF.

This document provides guidance on the applicable design, verification and validation measures, as well  as activities during the operation phase, needed to achieve the SOTIF.

This document is applicable to an intended functionality where proper situational awareness is essential  to safety and where such situational awareness is derived from complex sensors and processing  algorithms, especially emergency intervention systems and systems having automation levels from 1 to  5.

This document is applicable to intended functionalities that include one or more electrical and/or  electronic (E/E) systems and that are installed in series production road vehicles, excluding mopeds.

This document does not apply to faults covered by the ISO 26262 series.

This document does not apply to hazards directly caused by the system technology (e.g. eye damage from  a laser sensor).

This document does not address hazards related to electric shock, fire, smoke, heat, radiation, toxicity,  flammability, reactivity, corrosion, release of energy and similar hazards, unless directly caused by the  intended functionality of safety-related E/E systems.

This document does not apply to attacks exploiting vehicle security vulnerabilities.

This document considers local driving laws, policies, or road norms only as far as they can impact the  SOTIF, specifically where not following laws and rules of the road could lead to safety hazards. However,  this document does not address legal compliance to driving laws and/or policies.

Furthermore, functions of existing systems for which well-established and well-trusted design,  verification and validation (V&V) measures exist (e.g. Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) systems, airbag) are exempt from the scope of this document.

EXAMPLE a system for which there is an existing standard 133 sufficient to ensure safety  Some measures described in this document are applicable to newly designed functions or elements of  existing systems, if situational awareness derived from complex sensors and processing algorithms is  part of the design.

EXAMPLE Complex sensing and fusion of the road and cabin environment might replace current accelerometer (or  similar) based triggering mechanisms for airbags. SOTIF activities can be relevant, due to that change requiring  situational awareness.

Reasonably foreseeable misuse, which could lead directly to potentially hazardous behaviour, is in the  scope of this document as a possible triggering condition. This is defined as “reasonably foreseeable  direct misuse”.

Reasonably foreseeable misuse that prevents controllability by the driver of the system’s hazardous  behaviour, representing an unreasonable level of risk, is in scope of this document. This is defined as  “reasonably foreseeable indirect misuse”.

An intentional action that clearly violates the system’s intended use is considered feature abuse. This is  out of scope of this document.

EXAMPLE: Applying a substitute hand to fool a “hands on wheel” detection safety measure.