Kommersiella fordon

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 236 (Fordonsdynamik)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 23 maj 2023
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This document specifies a generic tyre model and model parameters for calculation of lateral tyre forces, to be used for lateral stability simulations of heavy commercial vehicle combinations with test cases according to ISO 14791. This tyre model is parameterized by easily understandable characteristics which can be estimated from tyre measurement data. If tyre data is not available, proposed parameters in this document can be used.
One typical application area of this tyre document is comparing and ranking of various vehicle combination configurations with respect to on-road lateral and roll stability. Such an assessment usually is performed at close to constant speed levels typical for public roads, usually higher than
40 km/h. The tyre model however can be useful for both high and slow speed manoeuvring.
This tyre model is relevant for representing vehicle combination tyre performance, when the longitudinal forces are insignificant, typically less than 10 % of the peak longitudinal friction utilization.
Note that this tyre model has not been developed for long sliding manoeuvres and it is recommended to be used by care in scenarios where the tire forces are mostly in the sliding region of a tire performance
curve. The tyre model can be used for normal forces ranging from zero to twice the nominal normal force of the tyre.
This tyre model is suitable for vehicle models operating in the yaw and roll plane which naturally include vertical load transfer between the wheels during manoeuvring. The tyre model can also be used in models with less complexity such as pure yaw plane models.
The document applies to heavy vehicles, including commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle combinations, buses and articulated buses as defined in ISO 3833 (trucks and trailers with a maximum weight above 3,5 tonnes and buses and articulated buses with a maximum weight above 5 tonnes,
according to ECE and EC vehicle classification, categories M3, N2, N3, O3 and O4).