Fysiska egenskaper hos jord

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 183 (Geoteknik och geokonstruktioner)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 2 sep 2019
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This document specifies the measurement of displacements across a line by means of inclinometers carried out for geotechnical monitoring. General rules of performance monitoring of the ground, of structures interacting with the ground, of geotechnical fills and of geotechnical works are presented in ISO 18674-1.

This document also refers to deflectometers (see Annex B) to supplement inclinometers for the determination of horizontal displacements across horizontal measuring lines.

NOTE In general, there are two independent displacement components acting across measuring lines. Inclinometers allow the determination of the two components for vertical measuring lines. For horizontal lines, inclinometers are limited to the determination of the vertical component only.

If applied in conjunction with ISO 18674-2, this document allows the determination of displacements acting in any direction.

This document is applicable to:

— checking geotechnical designs in connection with the observational design procedure;

— monitoring of geotechnical structures prior to, during and after construction (e.g. natural slopes, slope cuts, embankments, excavation walls, foundations, dams, refuse dumps, tunnels);

— deriving geotechnical key parameters (e.g. from results of pile load tests or trial tunnelling);

— identification and monitoring of active shear planes in the ground.

NOTE This document fulfils the requirements for the performance monitoring of the ground, of structures interacting with the ground and of geotechnical works by the means of inclinometers as part of the geotechnical investigation and testing in accordance with References [1] and [2].

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 183 (Geoteknik och geokonstruktioner)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 18 sep 2019
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This document specifies the measurement of pore water pressures and piezometric levels in saturated groundby means of piezometers carried out for geotechnical monitoring. General rules of performance monitoring of the ground, of structures interacting with the ground, of geotechnical fills and of geotechnical works are presented in ISO 18674-1:2015.

If applied in conjunction with ISO 18674-5, the procedures described in this document allow the determination of effective stresses acting in the ground.

This document is applicable to:

- monitoring of water pressures acting on and in geotechnical structures  prior to, during and after construction (e.g. quay walls, dikes, excavation walls, foundations, dams, tunnels, slopes. embankments, … );

- monitoring of consolidation processes of soil and fill (e.g. beneath foundations and in embankments);

- evaluating stability and serviceability of geotechnical structures;

- checking geotechnical designs in connection with the Observational Design procedure.

NOTE This document fulfils the requirements for the performance monitoring of the ground, of structures interacting with the ground and of geotechnical works by the means of piezometers as part of the geotechnical investigation and testing in accordance with References [1] and [2]. This document relates to measuring devices, which are installed in the ground. For pore water pressure measurements carried out in connection with cone penetration tests, see ISO 22476-1.