Akustik och bullermätning

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 11 dec 2019
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This document specifies the measurement method and conditions to obtain reproducible and comparable noise levels on-board all kinds of vehicles operating on rails or other types of fixed track, hereinafter conventionally called "unit", except for track maintenance vehicles in working modes.

NOTE For constant speed tests the concept of "comparability" needs further caution, as this term is used as well to classify the measurement precision grade related to track roughness and track decay rates given in this document. Nevertheless, the measurement may be acceptable as type test on a track of controlled acoustic quality, but not compliant to the track specification given in this document.

This document is applicable to type testing. It does not include all the instructions to carry out monitoring testing or evaluation of noise exposure of passengers or drivers over a whole journey.

This document is not applicable to guided buses.

It provides measurement procedures for vehicle interior noise:

— when the vehicle is moving at constant speed;

— when the vehicle is stationary;

— when the vehicle is accelerating or decelerating;

— in the driver's cab when an external warning horn is sounding.

NOTE In general, a vehicle type acceptance test would require only a selected subset of these tests to be performed.

It does not provide measurement procedures for:

— audibility or intelligibility of any audible signals;

— assessment of warning devices other than warning horns.

The assessment of noise exposure of train crew due to operational conditions is not in the scope of this document.

The results may be used, for example:

— to characterise the noise inside these units;

— to compare the internal noise of various units on a particular track section;

— to collect basic source data for units.

The test procedures specified in this document are of engineering grade (grade 2), that is the preferred one for noise declaration purposes, as defined in EN ISO 12001. If test conditions are relaxed for example as done for monitoring of in-service trains, then the results are no longer of engineering grade.

The procedures specified for accelerating and decelerating tests are of survey grade.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 248 (Vägutrustning)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 12 dec 2019
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This European Standard describes a test method for measuring a quantity representative of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation for traffic noise reducing devices: the sound insulation index.

The test method is intended for the following applications:

— determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices to be installed along roads, to be measured either in situ or in laboratory conditions;

— determination of the in situ intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices in actual use;

— comparison of design specifications with actual performance data after the completion of the construction work;

— verification of the long term performance of noise reducing devices (with a repeated application of the method);

— interactive design process of new products, including the formulation of installation manuals.

The test method is not intended for the determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices to be installed in reverberant conditions, e.g. inside tunnels or deep trenches or under covers.

Results are expressed as a function of frequency in one-third octave bands, where possible, between 100 Hz and 5 kHz. If it is not possible to get valid measurement results over the whole frequency range indicated, the results need to be given in a restricted frequency range and the reasons for the restriction(s) need to be clearly reported.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 110 (Akustik och buller)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 15 dec 2019
Se merSe mindre
 

This document specifies the measurement method and conditions to obtain reproducible and comparable noise levels on-board all kinds of vehicles operating on rails or other types of fixed track, hereinafter conventionally called "unit", except for track maintenance vehicles in working modes.

NOTE For constant speed tests the concept of "comparability" needs further caution, as this term is used as well to classify the measurement precision grade related to track roughness and track decay rates given in this document. Nevertheless, the measurement may be acceptable as type test on a track of controlled acoustic quality, but not compliant to the track specification given in this document.

This document is applicable to type testing. It does not include all the instructions to carry out monitoring testing or evaluation of noise exposure of passengers or drivers over a whole journey.

This document is not applicable to guided buses.

It provides measurement procedures for vehicle interior noise:

— when the vehicle is moving at constant speed;

— when the vehicle is stationary;

— when the vehicle is accelerating or decelerating;

— in the driver's cab when an external warning horn is sounding.

NOTE In general, a vehicle type acceptance test would require only a selected subset of these tests to be performed.

It does not provide measurement procedures for:

— audibility or intelligibility of any audible signals;

— assessment of warning devices other than warning horns.

The assessment of noise exposure of train crew due to operational conditions is not in the scope of this document.

The results may be used, for example:

— to characterise the noise inside these units;

— to compare the internal noise of various units on a particular track section;

— to collect basic source data for units.

The test procedures specified in this document are of engineering grade (grade 2), that is the preferred one for noise declaration purposes, as defined in EN ISO 12001. If test conditions are relaxed for example as done for monitoring of in-service trains, then the results are no longer of engineering grade.

The procedures specified for accelerating and decelerating tests are of survey grade.