Miljö- och hälsoskydd. Säkerhet

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 535 (Karaktärisering av avfall, mark och slam)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 24 apr 2018
Se merSe mindre
 

This document provides guidance on the range of tests that could be necessary to characterize soil and

other soil materials intended to be re-used, with or without preliminary treatment. It is intended to be

of use in determining the suitability of soil materials for re-use, and the assessment of the

environmental impacts that might arise from re-use. It takes into account the different requirements of

topsoil, sub-soil and other soil materials such as sediments or treated soils. International Standard

methods are listed that might be of use for characterization.

Soil materials include natural soils and other materials (e.g. fill, Made Ground) excavated, stripped, or

otherwise removed from their original in-ground or above-ground location (e.g. stockpile), dredged

materials, manufactured soils, and soil treated to remove or destroy contaminants. For manufactured

soils, which are often made using excavated materials together with other materials such as “green

waste”, the characteristics of the components and of the manufactured product might need to be determined.

Note: The terms “excavated soil” and “excavated soil materials” are used for brevity throughout the standard

to embrace the range of materials covered.

The guidance provided is intended to cover a range of possible end uses, including:

- play areas for small children, including nursery schools, kindergartens, etc.,

- schools,

- gardens and other residential areas,

- allotments,

- horticulture,

- agriculture,

- forestry,

- recreational areas, e.g. parks, sport fields,

- restoration of damaged ecosystems,

- mining and industrial sites,

- construction sites.

It is not applicable to the placement of soil materials in an aqueous environment or to restore

underground workings. It does not address geotechnical requirements when soil materials are to be

used as construction material.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 535 (Karaktärisering av avfall, mark och slam)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 28 apr 2018
Se merSe mindre
 

This document provides guidance on the kind and extent of soil characterisation necessary for the evaluation of human exposure to substances present in the soil that could cause adverse effects.

It does not provide guidance on:

— the design or selection of numerical models that can be used to estimate exposure;

— potential exposure to radioactivity, pathogens or asbestos in soil.

NOTE 1 Overall exposure can be to potential harmful substances (PHSs) in soil, groundwater and air. Exposure to those in soil may be direct (e.g. through inhalation, ingestion, skin contact), or indirect (through consumption of plants or animals that have taken up substances of concern).

NOTE 2 The evaluation of the possible impact on human health of potentially harmful substances is most commonly required when these are present as a result of human activity (e.g. on old industrial sites) but can sometimes be required when they are present naturally (e.g. in highly mineralised areas).

NOTE 3 Soil characterization leads to soil quality assessment. The compatibility between soil and its use has to be assessed. Tools can be used to aid this assessment such a conceptual site model (CSM) and health risk assessment.

NOTE 4 Soil characterizations are help development of an overview of population exposure. Other international standards are available that can be helpful to characterization of other media (e.g. surface and groundwater), as possible way of contamination for humans.