Lyftkranar

Ämnesområden: Lyftkranar
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 262 (Lyftkranar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 20 okt 2021
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This document specifies safety requirements:
— for tower cranes;
— for climbing systems used with the masts of tower cranes;
— for the installation of a powered access systems on tower cranes.
This document applies to tower cranes for construction work, which are either erected by parts or self-erecting cranes, including mobile self-erecting tower cranes. Tower cranes for construction work are exclusively equipped with a hook as load-handling device.
Applications when the crane is not equipped with a hook, or when there is a sudden release of the load, are not covered by this standard. This document is not applicable to mobile cranes, mobile harbour cranes, crawler cranes, slewing jib cranes, bridge and gantry cranes, offshore cranes, floating cranes, loader cranes, hand operated cranes or railway cranes.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to tower cranes, when used as intended and under conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards (see Clause 4).
The significant hazards covered by this document are identified in Clause 4.
This European Standard covers hazards related to the lifting of persons using a climbing system. The lifting of persons by the tower crane itself is not included.
The requirements related to Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), the specific hazards due to external influence on electrical equipment, potentially explosive atmospheres and ionising radiation are not covered by this document.
This document is not applicable to tower cranes and climbing systems which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this document.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 460 (Bygghissar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 18 nov 2021
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1.1 This document specifies the safety requirements for the construction and installation of power operated lifts attached to cranes and intended for access to workplaces on cranes, by authorized persons. This includes intended use, erection, dismantling, inspection and maintenance. The lift serves defined landing levels and has a load carrying unit which is:
a) designed for the transportation of persons and materials;
b) guided;
c) travelling vertically or along a path within 15 degrees maximum from the vertical;
d) supported by rack and pinion or suspended by steel wire ropes;
e) travelling with a speed not more than 1,0 m/s for permanent installed lifts and not more than 0,4 m/s for temporary installed lifts.
NOTE Annex A identifies the specific requirements applicable to the permanent installed lifts, respectively to the temporary installed lifts.
1.2 This document identifies hazards as listed in Clause 4 that arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer.
1.3 This document does not specify the additional requirements for:
a) operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, strong magnetic fields);
b) noise;
c) operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres);
NOTE Directive 2014/34/EU concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres can be applicable to the type of machine or equipment covered by this document. The present standard is not intended to provide means of complying with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 2014/34/EU.
d) electromagnetic compatibility (emission, immunity);
e) handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations;
f) the use of combustion engines;
g) hydraulic drive units;
h) hazards occurring during manufacturing process;
1.4 This document is not applicable to:
a) builders hoists according to EN 12158-1:2000+A1:2010, EN 12158-2:2000+A1:2010 and EN 12159:2012 and transport platform according to EN 16719:2018;
b) elevating control stations according to EN 14502-2:2005+A1:2008;

c) lifts according to EN 81-20:2014 and EN 81-50:2014;
d) work platforms carried on the forks of fork trucks;
e) work platforms;
f) funiculars;
g) lifts specially designed for military purposes;
h) mine lifts;
i) theatre elevators.
1.5 This document deals with the complete lift design but excludes the design of the crane. It includes the base frame and base enclosure of the lift but excludes the design of any concrete, hard core, timber or other foundation arrangement. It includes the design of mast ties and the design of anchorage parts between the mast tie and the crane structure. This document also includes the design of the landing gates and their fixings.
1.6 This document also deals with the information to be exchanged between the manufacturer of the lift and the crane user organization or the manufacturer of the crane.