Vibrationer och stöt. Vibrationsmätning

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 111 (Vibration och stöt)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 18 okt 2021
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This document describes the general requirements for evaluating the vibration of various coupled industrial machine types with a power above 15 kW and operating speeds between 120 min-1 and 30 000 min-1 when measurements are made in-situ. Guidelines for applying evaluation criteria are provided for measurements taken on non-rotating and rotating parts under normal operating conditions. The guidelines are presented in terms of both steady running vibration and any changes to vibration amplitude, which can occur in these steady values. The numerical values presented are intended to serve as guidelines based on worldwide machine experience, but shall be applied with due regard to specific machine features which may cause these values to be inappropriate. In general, the condition of a machine is assessed by consideration of both the shaft vibration and the associated structural vibration, as well as specific frequency components, which may not relate to the broadband severity values presented.
The machine types covered by this document include:
a) steam turbines and generators with outputs less than or equal to 40 MW (see Note 1 and Note 2);
b) steam turbines and generators with outputs greater than 40 MW which normally operate at speeds other than 1 500 min-1, 1 800 min-1, 3 000 min-1 or 3 600 min-1 (although generators seldom fall into this category) (see Note 1 and Note 2);
c) rotary compressors (see Note 2);
d) industrial gas turbines with outputs less than or equal to 3 MW (see Note 2 and Note 3);
e) turbofans (see Note 2);
f) electric motors of any type (see Note 4);
g) rolls and mills (see Note 5);
h) conveyors (see Note 5);
i) variable speed couplings;
j) blowers or fans (see Note 6).
NOTE 1 Land based steam turbines, gas turbines and generators of greater than 40 MW capacity, which run at 1500 min-1, 1800 min-1, 3000 min-1 or 3600 min-1 are covered by the requirements of ISO 20816-2; generators in hydro-electric plants are covered by ISO 20816-5;
NOTE 2 The proposed part 10 of this series of standards will be developed to cover high speed turbo-machinery. When that is completed, some machine types will be excluded from the scope of this document.
NOTE 3 Gas turbines of power greater than 3 MW are covered by ISO 20816-4
NOTE 4 When a motor is coupled to a machine covered by another part of ISO20816, the motor falls under this part if the coupling is flexible, but falls under the other standard if the coupling is rigid;

NOTE5 Machinery including a geared stage can fall under the scope of this document. However, the information relating to gearboxes - in particular, the conditions for performing acceptance tests and the influence of operating conditions (given in ISO 20816-9) - shall be taken into account when evaluating the vibration of gearboxes;
NOTE 6 The vibration criteria presented in this document are generally only applicable to fans with power ratings greater than 300 kW or fans which are not flexibly supported. As and when circumstances permit, recommendations for other types of fans, including those of lightweight sheet-metal construction, will be prepared. Until these recommendations are available, classifications can be agreed between the manufacturer and the customer, using results of previous operational experience, see also ISO 14694[4].
The following types of industrial machine are excluded from this document:
k) land-based gas turbines, steam turbines and generators with power outputs greater than 40 MW and speeds of 1 500 min-1, 1 800 min-1, 3 000 min-1 or 3 600 min-1 (see ISO 20816-2);
l) gas turbine sets with power outputs greater than 3 MW (see ISO 20816-4);
m) machine sets in hydraulic power generating and pumping plants (see ISO 20816-5);
n) reciprocating machines and machines solidly coupled to reciprocating machines (see ISO 20816-6);
o) rotodynamic pumps and any integrated or solidly coupled electric motors where the impeller is mounted directly on the motor shaft or is rigidly attached to it (see ISO 10816-7);
p) reciprocating compressor systems (See ISO 20816-8);
q) rotary positive displacement compressors (e. g. screw compressors);
r) submerged motor-pumps;
s) wind turbines (see ISO 10816-21).
The requirements of this document apply to in-situ broad-band vibration measurements taken on the shafts, bearings, bearing pedestals, or housings of machines under steady-state operating conditions within their nominal operating speed range. The requirements relate to both acceptance testing and operational monitoring. The evaluation criteria included in this document can be applied to both continuous and non-continuous monitoring situations.
The requirements of this document cover machines which may have gears or rolling element bearings, but do not address the diagnostic evaluation of the condition of those gears or bearings. (See ISO 20816-9).
The requirements in this standard are applicable only for the vibration produced by the machine set itself and not for vibration which is transmitted to the machine set from external sources.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 111 (Vibration och stöt)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 1 nov 2021
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This document gives guidance for the identification of the following:
a) The typical architectures of touch-down bearing systems to show which components are likely to comprise such systems and which functions these components provide;
b) The functional targets required of touch-down bearing systems so that clear performance targets can be formed for touch-down bearing systems with an unambiguous terminology for such performance targets;
c) Elements to be considered in the design of the dynamic system such that rotordynamic performance can be optimized, both on touch-down bearings and on active magnetic bearings (AMBs);
d) The environmental factors that have significant impact on touch-down bearing system performance allowing optimization of overall machine design;
e) The AMB operational conditions that can give rise to contact within the touch-down bearing system so that such events can be considered as part of an overall machine design. It also considers failure modes within the AMB system that can give rise to a contact event. This ensures that the specification of the touch-down bearings covers all operational requirements;
f) The most commonly encountered failure modes within the touch-down bearings and typical mechanisms for managing these limitations;
g) Typical elements of a design process for touch-down bearing systems including the specification of load requirements, the sizing process, the analytical and simulation methods employed for design validation;
h) The parameters associated with acceptance testing of touch-down bearing systems which are considered during the design of such tests. This includes the test conditions and associated instrumentation to ensure successful execution of such testing;
i) The condition monitoring and inspection methods that will allow the status of in-service touch-down bearings to be evaluated and corrective actions to be taken when necessary;
j) The factors to be considered when designing the maintenance regime for a touch-down bearing system. This includes actions to be undertaken following specified events together with any actions performed on a regular basis;
k) The factors to be considered regarding other life cycle topics such as obsolescence management, de-commissioning, disposal and training.