Plast

Ämnesområden: Plast: allmänt; Cellmaterial
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 156 (Plast)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 5 sep 2019
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This document specifies methods for determining the compressive strength and corresponding relative deformation; the compressive stress at 10 % relative deformation; and the compressive modulus of rigid cellular plastics.

Two methods are given. Procedure A employs crosshead motion for determination of nominal compressive properties. Procedure B employs displacement measuring device (including contact and optical types).

Ämnesområden: Termoplastmaterial
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 156 (Plast)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 25 sep 2019
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This document establishes a system of designation for polyoxymethylene (POM) thermoplastic material, which can be used as the basis for specifications.

NOTE Polyoxymethylene materials are thermoplastic materials composed principally of long-chain synthetic homopolymers and copolymers of formaldehyde. The repeating unit in the molecular chain is – CH2O – as an integral part of the main polymer chain resulting from polymerization of formaldehyde.

The types of polyoxymethylene plastic are differentiated from each other by a classification system based on appropriate levels of the following designatory properties:

a) melt mass-flow rate or melt volume-flow rate;

b) tensile modulus, and on information about basic polymer parameters, intended application, method of processing, important properties, additives, colorants, fillers and reinforcing materials.

This document is applicable to all polyoxymethylene homopolymers and to copolymers of polyoxymethylene and blends of polymers containing polyoxymethylene. It applies to materials ready for normal use in the form of powder, granules or pellets and to materials unmodified and modified by colorants, additives, fillers, etc. It is not intended to imply that materials having the same designation necessarily give the same performance.

This document does not provide engineering data, performance data or data on processing conditions which can be required to specify materials for particular end-use applications. If such additional properties are required, they are to be determined in accordance with the test methods specified by the relevant International Standard.

Ämnesområden: Plast: allmänt
Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 156 (Plast)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 1 okt 2019
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1.1 This document specifies a method for determining the Izod impact strength of plastics under defined conditions. A number of different types of specimen and test configurations are defined. Different test parameters are specified according to the type of material, the type of test specimen and the type of notch.

1.2 The method is used to investigate the behaviour of specified types of specimen under the impact conditions defined and for estimating the brittleness or toughness of specimens within the limitations inherent in the test conditions.

1.3 The method is suitable for use with the following range of materials:

— rigid thermoplastic moulding and extrusion materials, including filled and reinforced compounds in addition to unfilled types; rigid thermoplastics sheets;

— rigid thermosetting moulding materials, including filled and reinforced compounds; rigid thermosetting sheets, including laminates;

— fibre-reinforced thermosetting and thermoplastic composites incorporating unidirectional or non-unidirectional reinforcements such as mat, woven fabrics, woven rovings, chopped strands, combination and hybrid reinforcements, rovings and milled fibres and sheet made from pre-impregnated materials (prepregs);

— thermotropic liquid-crystal polymers.

1.4 The method is not normally suitable for use with rigid cellular materials and sandwich structures containing cellular material. Notched specimens are also not normally used for long-fibre-reinforced composites or thermotropic liquid-crystal polymers.

1.5 The method is suited to the use of specimens which can be either moulded to the chosen dimensions, machined from the central portion of a standard multipurpose test specimen (see ISO 20753) or machined from finished or semi-finished products such as mouldings, laminates and extruded or cast sheet.

1.6 The method specifies preferred dimensions for the test specimen. Tests which are carried out on specimens of different dimensions or with different notches, or specimens which are prepared under different conditions, may produce results which are not comparable. Other factors, such as the energy capacity of the apparatus, its impact velocity and the conditioning of the specimens can also influence the results. Consequently, when comparative data are required, these factors are to be carefully controlled and recorded.

1.7 The method is not intended to be used as a source of data for design calculations. Information on the typical behaviour of a material can be obtained, however, by testing at different temperatures, by varying the notch radius and/or the thickness and by testing specimens prepared under different conditions.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 156 (Plast)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 9 okt 2019
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This document specifies a method for the determination of the ultimate anoxic biodegradability of plastics made of organic compounds, where the amount of the produced nitrogen and carbon dioxide at the end of the test is measured.

The test substance is exposed to an inoculum stemming from the denitrification tank of a wastewater treatment plant. Testing is performed under defined laboratory conditions.