Säkerhetssystem i bil, inklusive krockkuddar, bältessystem och trafikolycksrelaterade frågor

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 255 (Vägtrafikinformatik)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 3 sep 2019
Se merSe mindre
 

This document specifies the concept of operation, minimum functionality, system requirements, system interfaces, and test procedures for Bicyclist Detection and Collision Mitigation Systems (BDCMS). It also defines the system test criteria necessary to verify that a given implementation meets the requirements of this document. Implementation choices are left to system designers, wherever possible.

BDCMS is fundamentally intended to provide emergency braking of equipped vehicles in order to mitigate collision severity between the subject vehicle and a bicyclist. BDCMS detect bicyclists forward of the subject vehicle, determine if the detected bicyclists are in a hazardous situation with respect to the subject vehicle, and initiate emergency braking if a hazardous situation exists and a collision is imminent. Systems that include other countermeasures such as evasive steering are outside the scope of this document.

The standard defines two types of BDCMS (based on operation in different ambient illuminance) and two classes of BDCMS (based on operation on different vehicle size classes). The standard does not apply to motorcycles. The operational design domain is public roads. BDCMS is not intended for off-road use.

Table 1 — Types and Classes of BDCMS

Responsibility for the safe operation of the vehicle remains with the driver.

Licensable motor vehicles intended for use on public roads, i.e. motorcycles, cars, light trucks, buses, motor coaches, and other heavy vehicles as hazards are outside the scope of this document and are covered under ISO 22839, Intelligent transportation systems — Forward vehicle collision mitigation systems — Operation, performance, and verification requirements.

Pedestrians are outside the scope of this document and are covered under ISO 19237, Intelligent transportation systems — Pedestrian detection and collision mitigation systems (PDCMS) — Performance requirements and test procedures.