Maskinsäkerhet

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 7 feb 2019
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This part of the EN 13230 series defines additional technical criteria and control procedures as well as specific tolerance limits related to manufacturing and testing prestressed bearers for switches and crossings with a maximum length of 8,5 m. Bearers longer than 8,5 m are considered as special elements and will comply with FprEN 13230 5:2015.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 7 feb 2019
Se merSe mindre
 


This European Standard provides requirements and measures to deal with the significant and specific railway risks during works on or in proximity of the track and with common principles for the protection of fixed and mobile work sites with trains and/or machines circulating on the working track and trains circulating on the adjacent track(s). Railway risks and protection measures for access and egress to/from the work site are considered in the same way as railway risks and protection measures for work itself. This European Standard is applicable to all operations related to work activities on rail guided systems. Infrastructure of metro, tram and other light rail systems is excluded from the scope ). The following specific railway risks are taken into consideration: — Risk 1: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag from a train on open working track (safety of the worker); NOTE 1 Risk 1 includes injuring of a worker by machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the working track. — Risk 2: Personnel being struck by a train or injured due to wind drag from train on adjacent track (safety of the worker); — Risk 3: Personnel being struck by machine or train on blocked track (safety of the worker); — Risk 4: Machines, material or equipment being struck by a train on the adjacent track (safety of the operation/safety of the worker); — Risk 5: Personnel being electrified or electrocuted by fixed electrical equipment (safety of the worker). NOTE 2 Risk 5 includes hazards caused by pantographs of passing trains. This European Standard also provides requirements to the process of installing basic preventive measures when planning new infrastructure or installing corrective measures when adapting existing infrastructure. This European Standard may be extended to third parties when it is considered appropriate and reasonable by the infrastructure manager, if one or more of the five significant risks described inside this standard, arise as a result of their activities in proximity of the track.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 7 feb 2019
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This European Standard defines the activities related to work on or near the railway track and the associated competence profiles of persons who carry out these activities and defines procedures for assessing the competence.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 14 feb 2019
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This document establishes definitions and evaluation methods for wheel-rail contact geometry parameters influencing the vehicle running dynamic behaviour:

— the rolling radius difference between the two wheels of a wheelset (Δr-function) which serves as a basis for all further calculations;

— the equivalent conicity function from which are derived:

— a single equivalent conicity value for a specified amplitude which is relevant for the assessment of vehicle running stability on straight track and in very large radius curves according to EN 14363;

— the nonlinearity parameter which characterizes the shape of this function and is related to the vehicle behaviour particularly in the speed range close to the running stability limit;

— the rolling radii coefficient which is used to describe the theoretical radial steering capability of a wheelset in a curved track.

Additional information is given about the relationship between the contact angles of the two wheels of a wheelset (Δtanγ-function) and about the roll angle parameter.

NOTE Out of the presented parameters only those related to the contact angle are relevant for independently rotating wheels of wheel pairs.

Descriptions of possible calculation methods are included in this document. Test case calculations are provided to achieve comparable results and to check the proper implementation of the described algorithms.

To validate alternative methods not described in this document acceptance criteria are given for the equivalent conicity function. This includes reference profiles, profile combinations, tolerances and reference results with tolerance limits.

This document also includes minimum requirements for the measurement of wheel and rail profiles as well as of the parameters needed for the transformation into a common coordinate system of right- and left-hand profiles.

This document does not define limits for the wheel-rail contact geometry parameters and gives no tolerances for the rail profile and the wheel profile to achieve acceptable results.

For the application of this document some general recommendations are given.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 feb 2019
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This document specifies the characteristics of the Passenger Alarm System (PAS) for Urban Rail.

This document covers the PAS fitted to the passenger carrying Urban Rail rolling stock and specifies:

— the safety related requirements;

— the functional requirements of PAS triggered by pasasengers;

— the requirements for the communication channel between passengers and the driver or OCC;

— the requirements for the functional behaviour of the PAS;

— the requirements for the degraded modes management;

— the requirements for the Passenger Alarm Device (PAD) and PAD area.

This document is applicable to the categories I to III of Urban Rail rolling stock defined in CEN/CLC Guide 26:

— (I) metros;

— (II) trams;

— (III) light rail.

NOTE 1 CEN/CLC Guide 26 defines Metro, Tram and Light Rail as public transport systems permanently guided at least by one rail, intended for the operation of local, urban and suburban passenger services with self-propelled vehicles and operated either segregated or not from general road and pedestrian traffic.

NOTE 2 The PAS function on existing vehicles may require modification to work in conjunction with vehicles that comply with this document.

NOTE 3 This European Standard covers urban rail rolling stock, both with or without a driver.

NOTE 4 For rolling stock devoted to suburban passenger services, this European Standard applies when the TSIs do not apply.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 feb 2019
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This document defines the technical criteria and control procedures which need to be satisfied by the constituent materials and the finished plastic sleepers and bearers.

The main requirement of plastic sleepers and bearers is transmission of vertical, lateral and longitudinal loads from the rails to the ballast or other support. In use they are also exposed to environmental and chemical impacts, which could influence sleeper performance.

The tests defined in this standard provide assurance of the capability of sleepers or bearers to resist repetitive loading and provide sufficient durability. In addition, controls are placed on manufacturing processes and tests to ensure that the plastic will not suffer unacceptable degradation in service.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 feb 2019
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This document specifies the test methods applicable to plastic sleepers and bearers with their rail fastening system.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 feb 2019
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This document specifies the characteristics of sleepers and bearers made from plastic or reinforced plastic materials. It applies to sleepers or bearers for railway infrastructure.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 feb 2019
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This document is applicable to rail fastening systems used with grooved rails for tram, urban rail and industrial tracks, with maximum axle loads and minimum curve radii in accordance with Table 1.

This standard is for type approval of a complete fastening assembly only.

The requirements apply to fastening systems for the grooved rail profiles in EN 14811 which act on the foot and/or web of the rail.

This standard is not applicable to fastening systems for other rail sections or special fastening systems used at bolted joints or glued joints or in switches and crossings for grooved rails.

NOTE Requirements for fastening for use with Vignole rails are included in the EN13481 series of standards.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 mar 2019
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The gauges and processes included in this document have been developed for application on mainline railway networks using various track gauges. Other networks such as urban and suburban may apply the gauge rules defined in this standard but are outside of its scope.

This document contains

— the definitions and symbols for all prEN 15273 documents,

— the general explanation of various elements and phenomena affecting railway gauging,

— the general explanation of various calculation methods and processes applicable to railway,

— gauging that allow the dimensioning of the rolling stock and the infrastructure.

NOTE The rules given in this standard are not applicable to the gauges "S" and "T" referred to in 4.2.3.1. (7) & (8) for track gauge 1 520 mm of the merged TSI Loc and Pass ( Commission Regulation N° 1302/2014 of 18 November 2014).

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 mar 2019
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This document:

— defines the various profiles needed to install, verify and maintain the various infrastructures near the infrastructure gauge,

— lists the various phenomena to be taken into account to determine the infrastructure gauge,

— defines a methodology that may be used to calculate the various profiles from these phenomena,

— lists the rules to determine the distance between the track centres,

— lists the rules to be complied with when building the platforms,

— lists the rules to determine the pantograph gauge,

— lists the formulae needed to calculate the infrastructure gauge,

and is applicable for various track gauges.

This document defines the gauge as an agreement between infrastructure and rolling stock, and defines the responsibilities of the following parties:

a) for the infrastructure:

1) gauge clearance;

2) maintenance;

3) infrastructure monitoring.

b) for the rolling stock:

1) compliance of the operating rolling stock with the gauge concerned;

2) maintenance of this compliance over time.

For a given defined gauge, the application of the rules contain in this part 3, associated with useful elements contained in prEN 15273-4, makes it possible to determine the minimum dimensions of an infrastructure. Therefore, this infrastructure is compatible with vehicle gauge having the same designation, and obtained according to rules defined in prEN 15273-2.

Other networks such as urban and suburban may apply the gauging rules defined in this standard but are outside of its scope.

For absolute and comparative gauging, the application of the rules contained within prEN 15273-3, combined with vehicle data defined in prEN 15273-2 in accordance with make it possible to determine the dimensions of infrastructure.

NOTE The rules given in this standard are not applicable to the gauges "S" and "T" referred to in 4.2.3.1. (7) & (8) for track gauge 1 520 mm of the merged TSI Loc and Pass (Commission Regulation N° 1302/2014 of 18 November 2014).

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 mar 2019
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This document is a catalogue of existing gauges and provides data for static, kinematic and dynamic gauges. This document is intended to be used with prEN 15273-1, prEN 15273-2 and prEN 15273-3. Other networks, such as urban and suburban, can apply the gauging rules defined in this standard but are outside of its scope.

This document provides for each gauge the associated basic data (such as track gauge, limits for cant and cant deficiency, range of lateral and vertical curvatures), formulae for the lateral and vertical projections and other reference parameters.

NOTE The rules given in this standard are not applicable to the gauges "S" and "T" referred to in 4.2.3.1. (7)& (8) for track gauge 1 520 mm of the merged TSI Loc and Pass (Commission Regulation N° 1302/2014 of 18 November 2014).

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 mar 2019
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This document is applicable to empty-loaded changeover devices designed to automatically sense when the load of a railway vehicle reaches a defined value (changeover mass), which represents the point at which the vehicle is classed as "loaded" and thereby requires the brake force to be adjusted accordingly to achieve the required brake performance. This document also covers manually operated empty-loaded changeover devices and the associated changeover plates.

This document specifies the requirements for the design, dimensions, manufacture and testing of empty-loaded changeover devices.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnvägar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 21 mar 2019
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This document applies variable load sensing devices designated to continuously sense the load of a railway vehicle and provide a signal that can be used by a relay valve for the automatic variation of the air pressure used for brake applications, thereby adjusting the brake force accordingly to achieve the required brake performance.

This document specifies the requirements for the design, dimensions, manufacture and testing of automatic variable load sensing devices.