Maskinsäkerhet

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 282 (Maskinsäkerhet)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 7 aug 2020
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This part of ISO 13849 specifies a methodology and provides related guidance for the design and integration of safety-related parts of control systems (SRP/CS), including the design of software. This document specifies the characteristics needed to determine the performance level required of safety functions. This document applies to SRP/CS for high demand and continuous mode including their subsystems, regardless of the type of technology and energy (e.g. electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical), for many kinds of machinery. The standard does not apply to low demand mode.

This document does not specify the safety functions or required performance levels that are to be used in particular applications.

This document does not give specific requirements for the design of products that are parts of SRP/CS.

This document does not provide specific measures for security (e.g. physical, IT-security, cyber security) aspects.

NOTE 1 This document specifies a methodology for SRP/CS design without considering if certain machinery (e.g. mobile machinery) requires specific requirements. These specific requirements can be considered in a Type-C standard.

NOTE 2 See IEC 61508 for low demand mode.

NOTE 3 See also ISO/TR 22100-4 for IT-security aspects and IEC/TR 63074 for security aspects.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 282 (Maskinsäkerhet)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 7 aug 2020
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This part of ISO 13849 specifies a methodology and provides related guidance for the design and integration of safety-related parts of control systems (SRP/CS), including the design of software. This document specifies the characteristics needed to determine the performance level required of safety functions. This document applies to SRP/CS for high demand and continuous mode including their subsystems, regardless of the type of technology and energy (e.g. electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical), for many kinds of machinery. The standard does not apply to low demand mode.

This document does not specify the safety functions or required performance levels that are to be used in particular applications.

This document does not give specific requirements for the design of products that are parts of SRP/CS.

This document does not provide specific measures for security (e.g. physical, IT-security, cyber security) aspects.

NOTE 1 This document specifies a methodology for SRP/CS design without considering if certain machinery (e.g. mobile machinery) requires specific requirements. These specific requirements can be considered in a Type-C standard.

NOTE 2 See IEC 61508 for low demand mode.

NOTE 3 See also ISO/TR 22100-4 for IT-security aspects and IEC/TR 63074 for security aspects.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 247 (Träbearbetningsmaskiner och -verktyg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 9 aug 2020
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This document gives the safety requirements and measures for horizontal beam panel circular sawing machines with the saw carriage of the front cutting line mounted below the work-piece support, which are manually and/or powered loaded and manually unloaded, designed for continuous production use, hereinafter referred to as "machines".

It deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events as listed in Annex A, relevant to the machines, when operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also, transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping phases have been taken into account.

It is also applicable to machines fitted with one or more of the following devices/additional working units, whose hazards have been dealt with:

— side pressure device,

— device for powered unloading,

— unit for scoring,

— unit for post-formed/soft-formed edge pre-cutting,

— panel turning device,

— front side turn table,

— pushing out device,

— pneumatic clamping of the saw blade,

— powered panel loading device,

— device for grooving by milling tool,

— one or more additional cutting lines inside the machine for longitudinal and/or head cut (before the transversal cutting line),

— work-piece vacuum clamping as part of a front side turn table or of a panel loading device,

— panel pusher,

— independent panel pushers,

— additional panel pushers mounted on the panel pusher carriage,

— additional panel pusher with integrated label printer device,

— lifting platform,

— device for automatic loading of thin panels,

— device for service panels unloading by gravity,

— device for service panels powered unloading,

— device for panel unloading in limited space condition,

— loading or pre-loading roller conveyors,

— pressure beam with additional flaps to increase dust extraction efficiency,

— saw blade cooling system by air or water-air or oil-air.

The machines are designed for cutting panels consisting of

a) solid wood,

b) material with similar physical characteristics to wood (see ISO 19085-1:2020, 3.2),

c) gypsum boards, gypsum bounded fibreboards,

d) composite materials, with core consisting of e.g. polyurethane or mineral material, laminated with light alloy,

e) cardboard,

f) "sponge" / foam board,

g) matrix engineered mineral boards, silicate boards,

h) polymer‐matrix composite materials and reinforced thermoplastic / thermoset / elastomeric materials,

i) aluminium light alloy plates with a maximum thickness of 10 mm,

j) composite boards made from the materials listed above.

This document does not deal with hazards related to:

— specific features that differ from the dashed list above;

— the machining of panels with milling tools for grooving;

— powered unloading of panels;

— rear half of split pressure beam on the front cutting line;

— the combination of a single machine being used with any other machine (as part of a line).

It is not applicable to:

— machines designed to process aluminium light alloy plates only,

— machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres,

— machines manufactured prior to the date of its publication.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 13 aug 2020
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This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for measuring systems fitted on Track Construction and Maintenance Machines to give an evaluation of track geometry quality when they measure any one or more of the parameters described in EN 13848-1. This European Standard also gives the acceptable differences from EN 13848-1 when using chord measurements. This European Standard does not specify: - requirements for vehicle acceptance; - criteria for track works acceptance; - requirements for Urban Rail Systems. However, parts of it can be used as a reference until a specific Standard is published. Only systems put into service after the standard comes into force are concerned.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 14 aug 2020
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This part of ISO 12856 specifies general requirements of polymeric composite railway sleepers. It is applicable to the sleepers, bearers and transoms to be installed in all tracks (both heavy and urban rail) with or without ballast.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 19 aug 2020
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This part of ISO 12856 specifies the characteristics of polymeric composite and reinforced polymeric composite materials in the manufacture of polymeric composite railway sleepers. It is applicable to the sleepers, bearers and transoms to be installed in all tracks (both heavy and urban rail) with or without ballast.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 31 aug 2020
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This document specifies all necessary design rules and associated assessment criteria as well as guidance concerning the design of information and the corresponding user interfaces of driver’s cabs of EMU, DMU, Railcars, Locomotives and Driving trailers.

NOTE 1 This document applies to rolling stock in the scope of the Directive 2008/57/EC.

It considers the tasks the driver has to carry out and human factors. This document specifies how information is arranged and displayed. It is explicitly applicable to display applications like TRD, ETD, CCD and TDD and may be completed by the CLC/TS 50459 series.

This document is not applicable to legacy ATP systems. If requirements in this document are in conflict with the ERA DMI document (ERA_ERTMS_015560) the requirements of the ERA DMI document should prevail for the CCD ETCS application.

NOTE 2 For resolving any discrepancies (e.g. 5.4.2.3) ERA is expected to harmonize the usage philosophy of the ERA DMI with this document.

All assessments based on the normative requirements of this document are applicable mainly to

— symbols provided by Annex A,

— arrangement of screen areas conform with Figure 1 (generic organization of information),

— colours, fonts,

— audible information.

This document is applicable to the following aspects:

— legibility and intelligibility of displayed information: general rules concerning the layout of information on the displays, including character size and spacing;

— definition of harmonized colours, symbols, etc.;

— definition of harmonized principles for the command interface (by physical or touchscreen buttons): size, symbols, reaction time, way to give feedback to the driver, etc.;

— general arrangements (dialogue structures, sequences, layout philosophy, colour philosophy), symbols, audible information, data entry arrangements.

NOTE 3 If this document deals with how information can be given for operation and in degraded situations, it does not define operating rules and degraded situations.

This document does not request any safety requirement related with displayed information.

This document specifies minimum requirements and does not prevent more complex solutions.

Requirements describing the functions using the display are out of scope of this document.

This document is not intended to be applicable for tramway, metros and light rail vehicles.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 31 aug 2020
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This document specifies the methods for the implementation of ballastless track system designs and the criteria for the acceptance of works concerning construction of ballastless track systems. It does not include any criteria for inspecting, maintaining, repairing and replacing ballastless track systems during operation.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 212 (Handhållna skogsmaskiner)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 1 sep 2020
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This part of ISO 11806 gives safety requirements and measures for their verification for the design and construction of portable hand-held, powered brush-cutters and grass-trimmers (hereafter called machines) having an integral combustion engine as their power unit and mechanical power transmission between the power source and the cutting attachment. Methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the use of these machines and the type of information on safe working practices to be provided by the manufacturer are specified.

This part of ISO 11806 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events relevant to these machines, as well as when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

This part of ISO 11806 is not applicable to machines equipped with metallic cutting attachments consisting of more than one piece, e.g. pivoting chains or flail blades.

NOTE See Annex C for a list of significant hazards.

This part of ISO 11806 is applicable to portable, hand-held, powered brush-cutters and grass-trimmers manufactured after its date of publication.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 212 (Handhållna skogsmaskiner)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 1 sep 2020
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This part of ISO 11806 gives safety requirements and measures for their verification for the design and construction of portable, hand-held, powered brush-cutters and grass-trimmers with a back-pack-mounted combustion engine power source and mechanical power transmission between the power source and the cutting attachment. Methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the use of these machines and the type of information on safe working practices to be provided by the manufacturer are specified.

This part of ISO 11806, taken together with the relevant clauses of ISO 11806-1 (see 4.1), deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events, with the exception of whole-body vibration from the back-pack power unit, relevant to these machines when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

NOTE 1 A standardized test procedure for measuring whole-body vibration from the back-pack power unit is presently not available.

NOTE 2 See Annex A, together with Annex A in ISO 11806-1:2020, for a list of significant hazards.

This part of ISO 11806 is applicable to portable, hand-held, powered brush-cutters and grass-trimmers manufactured after its date of publication.

This part of ISO 11806 is not applicable to machines equipped with metallic cutting attachments consisting of more than one piece, e.g. pivoting chains or flail blades.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 262 (Lyftkranar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 1 sep 2020
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This document applies to mobile cranes as defined in 3.16, with following characteristics:

— mobile cranes can operate on tyres, crawlers or with other mobile arrangements. In fixed positions, they can be supported by outriggers or other accessories increasing their stability;

— the superstructure of mobile cranes can be of the type of full circle slewing, of limited slewing or non-slewing. It is normally equipped with one or more hoists and/or hydraulic cylinders for lifting and lowering the boom and the load;

— mobile cranes can be equipped either with telescopic booms, with articulated booms, with lattice booms – or a combination of these – of such a design that they can readily be lowered;

— loads can be handled by hook block assemblies or other load-lifting attachments for special services.

This document is applicable to the design, build, installation of safety devices, information for use, maintenance and testing of mobile cranes.

This document is not applicable for the additional hazards related to the mounting a mobile crane on other chassis (e.g. railcars, portals, pontoons). Examples of mobile crane types and their major components are given in Annex A, B.1 and B.2.

This document is not applicable to:

— loader cranes (see EN 12999);

— off-shore cranes (see EN 13852-1);

— floating cranes (see EN 13852-2);

— slewing jib crane (see EN 14985);

— variable reach truck (see EN 1459);

NOTE 1 Variable Reach Trucks are commonly known as telehandlers.

— to cranes, installed on an agricultural tractor, intended to tow a trailer which has capability to carry goods;

— mobile self-erecting tower cranes (see EN 14439);

— earth-moving machinery used for object handling (see EN 474-series).

This document does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.

NOTE 2 The use of mobile cranes for the lifting of persons is subject to specific national regulations.

This document does not cover hazards related to the combination of a mobile crane with other machinery.

This document does not cover hazards related to the use of the mobile crane in potential explosive atmosphere.

For duty cycle work such as grab, magnet, piling or similar work, additional provisions are required which are outside the scope of this document.

The hazards covered by this document are identified by Annex C.

This document is not applicable to mobile cranes which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 3 sep 2020
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This document gives design rules and requirements in order to ensure proper access, lighting, seating and exit of the driver’s cab. The different dimensions are based on the anthropometric data defined in prEN 16186-5. The corresponding assessment methods are also included in this standard. It covers the following aspects:

— dimension and interior layout;

— door access, steps, floor characteristics;

— seats dimension and clearance;

— interior cab lighting;

— emergency exit;

— marking and labelling.

This part of EN 16186 series applies to vehicles operating on tram networks.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 3 sep 2020
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This document specifies the functional, performance and quality requirements for rail vehicle interior glazing including type testing, routine testing and inspection methods.

This document applies to all rail vehicles.

Determination of the size, shape, orientation and position of interior glazing is outside the scope of this document. These data form part of the interior glazing technical specification.

This document does not specify requirements for the interfaces between the interior glazing and the vehicle. Accordingly, this document does not address issues relating to installation and structural integrity.

This document does not apply to interior glazing with a surface less than 0,02 m2 and also emergency device casings (e.g. emergency hammers, passenger alarm systems, etc).

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 225 (Anläggningsmaskiner och gruvdrift)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 7 sep 2020
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This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as listed in Annex A, which are relevant to stationary diamond wire saws (stationary diamond mono-wire saws and stationary diamond multi-wire saws), as defined in Clause 3.

Stationary diamond wire saws may be used in quarries or in sawmill for cutting natural stones (e.g. marble, granite), when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).

This document deals only with stationary diamond wire saws using coated diamond wire as tool.

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.

This document deals all significant hazards that may occur within the expected lifetime of the machinery including the phases of transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.

This document does not deal with the significant hazards arising by the use of other facilities/devices not described in this document, that may be fitted on the machines or that may be used during the work cycle.

This document does not deal with:

a) operation under extreme ambient conditions (outside the limits defined in EN 60204-1:2018);

b) upstream and downstream conveying elements, not integrated with stationary diamond wire saws, for transporting of the work-pieces.

This document is not applicable to machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 225 (Anläggningsmaskiner och gruvdrift)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 7 sep 2020
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This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as listed in Annex A, which are relevant to transportable diamond wire saws and cutting operations as defined in Clause 3.

This document deals only with transportable diamond wire saws used in quarries for cutting natural stones (e.g. marble, granite), when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A).

This document deals only with transportable diamond wire saws using coated diamond wire as tool.

This document specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards.

This document deals all significant hazards that may occur within the expected lifetime of the machinery including the phases of transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.

This document does not deal with the significant hazards arising by the use of other facilities/devices not described in this document, that may be fitted on the machines or that may be used during the work cycle.

This document does not deal with:

a) operation under extreme ambient conditions (outside the limits defined in EN 60204-1:2018);

b) upstream and downstream conveying elements, not integrated with transportable diamond wire saws, for transporting of the work-pieces.

This document is not applicable to machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 8 sep 2020
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This document applies to the following rail welding processes:

— flash butt;

— gas pressure;

— aluminothermic;

— enclosed arc welding.

This document specifies the requirements on approval/homologation of welding processes, contractors/welders/inspectors, and acceptance of welded joints in factory/track.

In this document, 43kg/m – 75kg/m new vignole rails of the same profiles and same steel grades are the subject of welding.

This document does not specify requirements and evaluation test methods specific to each welding process. These will be prescribed in the subsequent parts of the ISO 23300 series.

This document is restricted to butt welding for connecting rail ends.

This document does not cover the welding for construction of crossings, railway switches, signal bond installation or restoration of rails.

This document does not cover any safety regulations of welding operations.

In this document, qualifications of individuals and organisations for rail welding are not specified.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 247 (Träbearbetningsmaskiner och -verktyg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 28 sep 2020
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This document gives the safety requirements and measures for numerically controlled (NC/CNC) boring machines, NC/CNC routing machines and NC/CNC combined boring/routing machines (as defined in 3.2 and 3.3), designed for continuous production use, hereinafter referred to as "machines".

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, listed in Annex A, relevant to the machines when they are operated, adjusted and maintained as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer including reasonably foreseeable misuse. Also, transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping phases have been taken into account.

This document is also applicable to machines fitted with one or more of the following devices/additional working units, whose hazards have been dealt with:

— additional working units for sawing, sanding, edge banding, assembling or dowel inserting;

— fixed or movable workpiece support;

— mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic or vacuum workpiece clamping;

— automatic tool change devices.

Machines covered in this document are designed for workpieces consisting of

— solid wood,

— material with similar physical characteristics to wood (see ISO/DIS 19085-1:2020, 3.2),

— gypsum boards, gypsum bounded fibreboards, cardboard,

— matrix engineered mineral boards, silicate boards,

— composite materials with core consisting of polyurethane or mineral material laminated with light alloy,

— polymer-matrix composite materials and reinforced thermoplastic/thermoset/elastomeric materials,

— aluminium light alloy profiles,

— aluminium light alloy plates with a maximum thickness of 10 mm,

— composite boards made from the materials listed above.

This document does not deal with specific hazards related to

— edge-banding equipment fitted to the machines,

— use of grinding wheels,

— ejection through openings guarded by curtains on machines where the height of the opening in the enclosure above the workpiece support exceeds 600 mm,

— ejection due to failure of milling tools with a cutting circle diameter equal to or greater than 16 mm and sawing tools not conforming to EN 847-1:2017 and EN 847-2:2017,

— the combination of a single machine being used with other machines (as a part of a line),

— integrated workpiece loading/unloading systems (e.g. robots).

This document is not applicable to:

— single spindle hand fed or integrated fed routing machines,

— machines designed to process aluminium light alloy only,

— machines intended for use in potentially explosive atmosphere,

— machines manufactured prior to its publication.