Maskinsäkerhet

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 29 okt 2020
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This document gives guidelines for the cross wind assessment of railways. This document is applicable to all passenger vehicles, locomotives and power cars (with a maximum train speed above 140 km/h up to 360 km/h) and freight wagons (with a maximum train speed above 80 km/h up to 160 km/h) and track gauges from 1 435 mm to 1 668 mm inclusive. For passenger vehicles, locomotives and power cars with a maximum train speed between 250 km/h and 360 km/h, a requirement to demonstrate the cross wind stability is imposed. This document is not applicable to light rail and urban rail vehicles.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 267 (Lyftplattformar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 3 nov 2020
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1.1 This document specifies the safety requirements for lifting tables with the following characteristics:

— serving no more than 2 fixed landings but are able to pass a fixed landing and,

— having a vertical travel speed of no more than 0,15 m/s, unless safe by position and,

— for raising or lowering goods (with or without operator(s) and/or authorized person(s)), or;

— for raising or lowering operator(s) and/or authorized person(s) with or without goods, to positions where they can carry out work from a fixed or movable lifting table that is guided throughout its vertical travel only.

1.2 This document deals with all significant hazards pertinent, with the exception of noise, to lifting tables when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see List of Hazards, Annex B). This document specifies the appropriate technical measures for eliminating and reducing the risks arising from the significant hazards.

1.3 This document does not apply to the following equipment:

— lifting tables with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s, unless safe by position;

— lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a construction, for lifting goods, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);

— lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a construction, for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s;

— lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s;

— lifting tables used on ships;

— lifting tables designed for artists and stage set features during artistic performances;

— power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);

— mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312-1);

— lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);

— mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);

— static Group B elevating work platforms (EN 280);

— vehicle servicing lifts (EN 1493:2010);

— mobile lifting tables used for firefighting (EN 1777);

— mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;

— rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);

— scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691-5);

— lifting tables suspended from a ceiling.

1.4 This document does not consider the additional requirements for:

— electromagnetic compatibility;

— operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);

— operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);

— handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, particularly brittle loads, loose loads (gravel, tubes));

— hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;

— equipment installed on the load platform or the replacing or maintaining of it;

— integration into broader systems or other machines, etc.;

— cable-less controls;

— lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;

— lifting tables powered by internal combustion engines.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 5 nov 2020
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This document applies to passenger body side entrance systems of all newly designed railway vehicles such as tram, metro, suburban, mainline and high-speed trains that carry passengers. The requirements of this document also apply to existing vehicles undergoing refurbishment of the door equipment, as far as it is reasonably practicable. This document also specifies the requirements for testing of entrance systems. This document makes reference to manual and power operated entrance systems. For manual doors, clauses referring to power operation are not applicable. This document does not apply to the following: - entrance systems for equipment access, inspection or maintenance purposes and for crew only use; - doors on freight wagons; and - doors or hatches specifically provided for escape under emergency conditions.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 9 nov 2020
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This part of the ISO 22480 series defines technical criteria and control procedures which need to be satisfied by the constituent materials and the finished concrete sleepers and bearers, i.e.: precast concrete sleepers, twin-block reinforced sleepers, bearers for switches and crossings, and special elements for railway tracks.

The main requirement of concrete sleepers and bearers is the transmission of vertical, lateral and longitudinal loads from the rails to the ballast or other support. In use, they are also exposed to frost damage and to moisture, which can result in detrimental chemical reactions within the sleeper.

In this standard mechanical tests are defined which provide assurance of the capability of sleepers or bearers to resist repetitive loading and provide sufficient durability. In addition, controls are placed on manufacturing processes and tests to ensure that the concrete will not suffer degradation in service through chemical reaction and frost damage.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 460 (Bygghissar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 19 nov 2020
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1.1 This European Standard deals with power operated temporarily installed builders hoists (referred to as "hoists" in this standard) intended for use by persons who are permitted to enter sites of engineering and construction, serving landing levels, having a cage: - designed for the transportation of persons or of persons and materials; - guided; - travelling vertically or along a path within 15° max. of the vertical; - supported or sustained by drum driven wire rope, rack and pinion, or an expanding linkage mechanism; - where masts, when erected, may or may not require support from separate structures. 1.2 The European Standard identifies hazards as listed in Clause 4 which arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer. 1.3 This European Standard does not specify the additional requirements for: - operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, strong magnetic fields); - lightning protection; - operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres); - electromagnetic compatibility (emission, immunity); - handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, fragile loads); - the use of combustion engines; - the use of remote controls; - hazards occurring during manufacture; - hazards occurring as a result of mobility; - hazards occurring as a result of being erected over a public road; - earthquakes. 1.4 This European Standard is not applicable to: - builders hoists for the transport of goods only EN 12158-1 and EN 12158-2; - lifts according to EN 81-1, EN 81-2, EN 81-3 and EN 81-43; - work cages suspended from lifting appliances; - work platforms carried on the forks of fork trucks; - work platforms EN 1495; - funiculars; - lifts specially designed for military purposes; - mine lifts; - theatre elevators; - builders hoists for persons and material with vertically guided cages which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN; - hoists with hydraulic drive/braking systems and hydraulic safety devices. This document is not applicable to Builders hoists for persons and material with vertical guided cages which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN. 1.5 This European Standard deals with the hoist installation. It includes the base frame and base enclosure but excludes the design of any concrete, hard core, timber or other foundation arrangement. It includes the design of mast ties but excludes the design of anchor screws to the supporting structure. It includes the landing gates and their frames but excludes the design of any anchorage fixing bolts to the supporting structure.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 20 nov 2020
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This part of the ISO 22480 series defines additional technical criteria and control procedures related to the manufacturing and testing of prestressed monoblock sleepers.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 30 nov 2020
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This document applies to rubber and rubber to metal parts designed to be fitted on railway vehicles and similar vehicles running on dedicated tracks with permanent guide systems, whatever the type of rail and the running surface.

Typical applications of the rubber and rubber to metal parts include:

- vehicle suspension systems;

- equipment mounting systems;

- joints (e.g. end-mountings of dampers, rubber-based bearings, rubber-based parts used on mechanical couplings);

- limit stops.

These parts can be:

- made entirely of rubber, operating on their own or in combination with other elastic parts;

- made of rubber and metal, adherent together or not.

This document specifies;

- characteristics that rubber and rubber to metal parts shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification.

This document does not apply to:

- rubber diaphragms for pneumatic suspension

springs;  elastic parts of buffing and drawgear springs;

- diaphragms, bellows and seals;

- hoses and tubings;

- transmission belts.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 30 nov 2020
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This document applies to rubber and rubber to metal parts, as defined in ISO 22749-1.

This document specifies:

— approval procedure to be implemented by the customer;

— guidelines for qualification of the product with specified requirements;

— quality monitoring of rubber and rubber to metal parts in manufacture.

This document does not apply to:

— rubber diaphragms for pneumatic suspension springs;

— elastic parts of buffing and drawgear springs;

— diaphragms, bellows and seals;

— hoses and tubings;

— transmission belts.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 3 dec 2020
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This document is valid for rail vehicles equipped with buffers and screw coupling systems.

In order to allow operation and coupling of trainsets or vehicles, this document specifies the defined free space for the shunter called the "Berne rectangle" and the necessary free space for the installation of the rescue coupler.

This document specifies the location, fixing, and free spaces on the headstock of:

— buffers;

— screw coupling systems;

— end cocks;

— pneumatic half couplings;

— connections for electric cables.

It also specifies the calculation of the width of the buffer heads.

Unless otherwise displayed, all dimensions given in this document are nominal values.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 460 (Bygghissar)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 10 dec 2020
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1.1 This standard deals with power operated temporarily installed builders hoists (referred to as "hoists" in this standard) intended for use by persons who are permitted to enter sites of engineering and construction, serving landing levels, having a load carrying device: - designed for the transportation of goods only; - guided; - travelling vertically or along a path within 15 degrees max. of the vertical; - supported or sustained by drum driven wire rope, chain, rack and pinion, hydraulic jack (direct or indirect), or an expanding linkage mechanism; - where masts, when erected, may or may not require support from separate structures; - which permits the access of instructed persons during loading and unloading; - which are driven by appointed persons; - which permits, if necessary, during erection, dismantling, maintenance and inspection, the access and travel by persons who are competent and authorised. 1.2 The standard identifies hazards as listed in clause 4 which arise during the various phases in the life of such equipment and describes methods for the elimination or reduction of these hazards when used as intended by the manufacturer. 1.3 This European standard does not specify the additional requirements for: - operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, strong magnetic fields); - lightning protection; - operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres); - electromagnetic compatibility (emission, immunity); - handling of loads the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids/bases, radiating materials, fragile loads); - the use of combustion engines; - the use of remote controls; - hazards occurring during manufacture; - hazards occurring as a result of mobility; - hazards occurring as a result of being erected over a public road; - earthquakes; - noise. 1.4 This standard is not applicable to - builders hoists for persons and materials; - lifts according to EN 8

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 211 (Hissar och rulltrappor)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 10 dec 2020
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This document specifies the safety rules related to passenger and goods/passenger lifts installed in existing buildings where limitations enforced by certain building constraints mean that some requirements of EN 81 20:2020 cannot be met. This document is intended to be read and applied in conjunction with EN 81-20:2020. It addresses the following constraints and gives requirements for alternative solutions: - existing perforate walls of the lift well; - reduction in available well are leading to reduced distance between car, counterweight or balancing weight; - counterweight or balancing weight in a separate existing well; - reduced building dimensions and clearances leading to: - reductions in available space for headroom and pit; - reduced car roof balustrade dimensions; - reduced height of sill apron; - reduced height of machine and/or pulley room; - reduced available area for access door/trap door; - reduction in available height of landing doors. This document is not applicable to lifts installed before the date of its publication.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 211 (Hissar och rulltrappor)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 10 dec 2020
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This document specifies the special provisions and safety rules for passenger and goods passenger lifts where these lifts are installed in buildings and constructions intended to withstand seismic events in compliance with EN 1998 1:2004 (Eurocode 8). This document does not introduce any specific provisions and safety rules for lifts when ad ≤ 1 m/s2 as defined in Annex A. This document does not address other risks due to seismic events (e.g. fire, flood, explosion). This document is not applicable to lifts installed before the date of its publication.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 10 dec 2020
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This document is limited to specifying the requirements when applying lubricant to the interface between the wheel flange and the rail (active interface), either directly or indirectly to the wheel flange or to the rail and includes both trainborne and trackside solutions.

This document only covers the equipment and application of lubricant to the active interface.

This document defines:

— the characteristics that systems of lubrication of the wheel-rail interface shall achieve, together with applicable inspection and test methods to be carried out for verification;

— all relevant terminology which is specific to the lubrication of the wheel-rail interface.

This document only applies to the mainline railway.

NOTE This document can also be used for other railways, e.g urban rail.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: CEN
Svarsdatum: den 10 dec 2020
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This document specifies the requirements of lubricants intended for lubrication of the wheel-rail interface between the wheel and the rail (active interface) applied either directly or indirectly to the wheel or to the rail.

It outlines the information required for most approval procedures, the method of testing and routine control/monitoring of the lubricant.

Kommittébeteckning: SIS/TK 254 (Järnväg, tunnelbana och spårväg)
Källa: ISO
Svarsdatum: den 14 dec 2020
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This document applies to all windows mounted to the side of all types of railway vehicles, including heavy and urban rail vehicles. This includes windows mounted on the side of saloons, restaurant / buffet cars, vestibules, toilets, driving cabs, crew compartments, technical rooms.

This document does not apply to on-track machines.

This document applies to bodyside windows constructed from glazing materials only.

This document sets out requirements that apply to the glazing with its associated mounting arrangement.

This document defines the classification, technical requirements, and markings for bodyside windows.

Following bodyside windows could be included, e.g.:

a) Standard fixed windows.

    1) Standard fixed windows.

    2) Standard movable windows.

b) Emergency windows.

   1) Emergency escape windows.

   2) Emergency access windows.

NOTE In certain situations, emergency escape windows and emergency access windows can be the same window.