Detaljer om förslaget

Nummer:ISO/DIS 20414
Kommitté:SIS/TK 181
Namn på kommittén:Brandsäkerhet
Publicerat:den 21 jan 2020
Sista svarsdatum:den 27 mar 2020
Contact email:kommentera(at)
Förslagets omfattning:

This International standard describes a protocol for the verification and validation of building fire

evacuation models. The present document mostly addresses evacuation model components as they are

in microscopic agent-based models. Nevertheless, the user of this protocol may adopt it (entirely or part

of it) for macroscopic models if the model is able to represent the components under consideration.

The area of application of the evacuation models discussed in this document includes performancebased

design of buildings and the review of the effectiveness of evacuation planning and procedures.

The evacuation process is represented with evacuation models in which people movement and their

interaction with the environment make use of human behaviour in fire theories and empirical

observations. The simulation of evacuation is represented using mathematical models and/or

agent-to-agent and agent-to-environment rules.

The area of application of this standard relates to buildings. This document is not intended to cover

aspects of transportation systems in motion (e.g. trains, ships) since specific ad-hoc additional tests may

be required for addressing the simulation of human behaviour during the evacuation in these types of

systems (Guillaume and Thiry-Muller, 2018).

This document includes a list of components for the verification and validation testing as well as a

methodology for the analysis and assessment of accuracy associated with evacuation models. The

procedure for the analysis of acceptance criteria is also included.

A comprehensive list of components for testing is presented in this document since the scope of the

testing has not been artificially restricted to a set of straightforward basic set of applications.

Nevertheless, the application of evacuation models as a design tool may be affected by the numbers of

variables affecting human behaviour under consideration. A high number of influences might hamper

the acceptance of the results obtained given the level of complexity associated with the results. Simpler

calculation methods such as macroscopic models, capacity analyses or flow calculations are affected to a

lower extent by the need to aim at high fidelity modelling. In contrast, more sophisticated calculation

methods (i.e. agent-based models) rely more on the ability to demonstrate that the simulation is able to

represent different emergent behaviours. For this reason, the components for testing are divided into

different categories so that the evacuation model tester can test an evacuation model both in relation to

the degree of sophistication embedded in the model as well as the specific scope of the model


In Annex A, a reporting template is provided to provide guidance to users regarding a format for

presenting test results and exemplary application of verification and validation tests are presented

in Annex B.

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